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Article

Self-Compassion and Rumination Type Mediate the Relation between Mindfulness and Parental Burnout

1
University Grenoble Alpes, LIP/PC2S, 38000 Grenoble, France
2
Unité de Psychologie Sociale et Interculturelle, University Libre de Bruxelles, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
3
Chair of Economic Peace, Mindfulness, and Well-Being at Work, Grenoble Ecole de Management, 38000 Grenoble, France
4
Laboratoire DIPHE, University Lumière Lyon 2, 69676 Bron, France
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Andrea Fiorillo, Maurizio Pompili and Gaia Sampogna
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(16), 8811; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168811
Received: 12 July 2021 / Revised: 12 August 2021 / Accepted: 13 August 2021 / Published: 20 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mental Health in the Time of COVID-19)
The COVID-19 lockdown increased the day-to-day challenges faced by parents, and thereby may have increased parental burnout risk. Therefore, identifying parental burnout protection factors is essential. This study aimed to assess the protective role of the following factors which can be increased through mindfulness practice: trait mindfulness, self-compassion, and concrete vs. abstract ruminations. A total of 459 parents (Mage = 40; 98.7% female) completed self-reported questionnaires at two-time points to assess the predictive role of mindfulness on parental burnout, self-compassion and rumination type, and the mediating role of self-compassion and rumination type in the relation between mindfulness and parental burnout. Results showed that trait mindfulness, self-compassion, and rumination type at Time 1 predicted levels of parental burnout at Time 2. Self-compassion (indirect effects: b = − 22, 95% CI = [−38, −05], p < 0.01), concrete ruminations (indirect effects: b = −20, 95% CI = [−32, −09], p < 0.001), and abstract ruminations (indirect effects: b = −0.54, 95% CI = [−71, −37], p < 0.001) partially mediated the relation between trait-mindfulness and parental burnout. These findings showed that trait mindfulness, self-compassion, and concrete (vs. abstract) ruminations may help prevent parental burnout in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. These results contribute to the field of research on parental burnout prevention and will allow for the development of effective approaches to mental health promotion in parents. View Full-Text
Keywords: lockdown; mindfulness; parental burnout; ruminations; self-compassion lockdown; mindfulness; parental burnout; ruminations; self-compassion
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MDPI and ACS Style

Paucsik, M.; Urbanowicz, A.; Leys, C.; Kotsou, I.; Baeyens, C.; Shankland, R. Self-Compassion and Rumination Type Mediate the Relation between Mindfulness and Parental Burnout. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 8811. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168811

AMA Style

Paucsik M, Urbanowicz A, Leys C, Kotsou I, Baeyens C, Shankland R. Self-Compassion and Rumination Type Mediate the Relation between Mindfulness and Parental Burnout. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(16):8811. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168811

Chicago/Turabian Style

Paucsik, Marine, Agata Urbanowicz, Christophe Leys, Ilios Kotsou, Céline Baeyens, and Rebecca Shankland. 2021. "Self-Compassion and Rumination Type Mediate the Relation between Mindfulness and Parental Burnout" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 16: 8811. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168811

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