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Article

Mental Health and Personality Traits during COVID-19 in China: A Latent Profile Analysis

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School of Psychology, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China
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School of Education, Lanzhou City University, Lanzhou 730070, China
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Department of Economics, Sheikh Hasina University, Netrokona 2400, Bangladesh
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Department of Psychology, University of Chittagong, Chattogram 4331, Bangladesh
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Psychology Department, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham NG1 4FQ, UK
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul S. Links
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(16), 8693; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168693
Received: 7 June 2021 / Revised: 12 August 2021 / Accepted: 12 August 2021 / Published: 17 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Mental Health)
During the COVID-19 pandemic, mental health problems have increased and are likely to be influenced by personality traits. The present study investigated the association between personality traits and mental health problems (anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress syndrome (PTSD) symptoms, and obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms) through the person-centered approach because this has some advantages over the variable-centered approach. The data were collected from a sample of 765 Chinese citizens who participated in an online survey in October 2020. Latent profile analysis identified three latent personality profiles—highly adaptive, adaptive, and maladaptive. Highly adaptive individuals had higher extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, openness, and lower neuroticism, while maladaptive individuals had lower extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, openness, and higher neuroticism. Multivariate analysis of variance results showed that individuals with highly adaptive profiles had lower anxiety, depression, and PTSD symptoms compared to individuals with adaptive and maladaptive profiles. The findings of the present study indicate mental health professionals would benefit from formulated intervention plans given the association between latent personality profiles and mental health problems. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; personality; latent profile analysis; mental health; China COVID-19; personality; latent profile analysis; mental health; China
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, M.; Ahmed, M.Z.; Hiramoni, F.A.; Zhou, A.; Ahmed, O.; Griffiths, M.D. Mental Health and Personality Traits during COVID-19 in China: A Latent Profile Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 8693. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168693

AMA Style

Li M, Ahmed MZ, Hiramoni FA, Zhou A, Ahmed O, Griffiths MD. Mental Health and Personality Traits during COVID-19 in China: A Latent Profile Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(16):8693. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168693

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Mei, Md Z. Ahmed, Fatema A. Hiramoni, Aibao Zhou, Oli Ahmed, and Mark D. Griffiths 2021. "Mental Health and Personality Traits during COVID-19 in China: A Latent Profile Analysis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 16: 8693. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168693

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