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Article

Effect of Practicing Health Behaviors on Unmet Needs among Patients with Chronic Diseases: A Longitudinal Study

1
Department of Public Health, Graduate School, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea
2
Institute of Health Services Research, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea
3
Operation Branch, 27th Infantry Division Medical Battalion, Chuncheon-si 24251, Korea
4
Health Promotion Branch, 11th Infantry Division Medical Battalion, Hongcheon-gun 25141, Korea
5
Faculty of Nursing, Korea Armed Forces Nursing Academy, Dajeon 34059, Korea
6
Department of Preventive Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 03722, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(15), 7977; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157977
Received: 7 June 2021 / Revised: 21 July 2021 / Accepted: 24 July 2021 / Published: 28 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
With the growing prevalence of chronic diseases, the proportion of unmet needs is increasing. In this study, we investigated the effect of practicing health behaviors on unmet needs among patients with chronic diseases, using data from the Korea Health Panel Survey conducted between 2014–2017. Participants (n = 4069) aged 19 or older, with at least one chronic disease (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, or arthrosis) and with existing follow up data were selected. Health behaviors combined three variables: not presently smoking, not belonging to high-risk drinking group, and indulging in moderate- or high-intensity exercise. Those who met all three criteria were classified as the practicing health behaviors group. Generalized Estimating Equation analysis was performed to consider correlated data within a subject. Of the participants, 23.9% practiced health behaviors. Participants who did not practice health behaviors were significantly more likely to have unmet needs compared with those who did (OR: 1.24, 95% CI: 1.10–1.39). Further research would be needed to verify the impact of practicing health behavior on unmet needs. View Full-Text
Keywords: health behavior; chronic disease; unmet need health behavior; chronic disease; unmet need
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jang, B.-N.; Kim, H.-J.; Kim, B.-R.; Woo, S.; Lee, W.-J.; Park, E.-C. Effect of Practicing Health Behaviors on Unmet Needs among Patients with Chronic Diseases: A Longitudinal Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7977. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157977

AMA Style

Jang B-N, Kim H-J, Kim B-R, Woo S, Lee W-J, Park E-C. Effect of Practicing Health Behaviors on Unmet Needs among Patients with Chronic Diseases: A Longitudinal Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(15):7977. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157977

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jang, Bich-Na, Hwi-Jun Kim, Bo-Ram Kim, Seonyeong Woo, Woo-Jin Lee, and Eun-Cheol Park. 2021. "Effect of Practicing Health Behaviors on Unmet Needs among Patients with Chronic Diseases: A Longitudinal Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 15: 7977. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157977

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