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Article

Radon in Schools: A Review of Radon Testing Efforts in Canadian Schools

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CAREX Canada, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC V5A1S6, Canada
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Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC V5A1S6, Canada
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Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A0G4, Canada
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National Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health (NCCEH), Vancouver, BC V5Z4R4, Canada
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alberto Ruano-Ravina
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(10), 5469; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105469
Received: 26 March 2021 / Revised: 7 May 2021 / Accepted: 13 May 2021 / Published: 20 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
Radon, a known carcinogen, becomes a health risk when it accumulates inside buildings. Exposure is of particular concern for children, as their longer life expectancy increases their lifetime risk of developing cancer. In 2016, 5.5 million students were enrolled in Canadian elementary and secondary schools. With no national policy on radon testing in schools, children may be at risk from radon exposure while attending school and school-based programs. This study explored radon testing efforts in publicly funded Canadian schools and summarizes where testing programs have occurred. Radon testing in schools was identified through a systematic qualitative enquiry, surveying members from different levels of government (health and education) and other stakeholders (school boards, research experts, among others). Overall, this research found that approaches to radon testing varied considerably by province and region. Responsibility for radon testing in schools was often deferred between government, school boards, building managers and construction parties. Transparency around radon testing, including which schools had been tested and whether radon levels had been mitigated, also emerged as an issue. Radon testing of schools across Canada, including mitigation and clear communication strategies, needs to improve to ensure a healthy indoor environment for staff and students. View Full-Text
Keywords: radon; schools; Canada; air pollutants; environment radon; schools; Canada; air pollutants; environment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shergill, S.; Forsman-Phillips, L.; Nicol, A.-M. Radon in Schools: A Review of Radon Testing Efforts in Canadian Schools. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5469. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105469

AMA Style

Shergill S, Forsman-Phillips L, Nicol A-M. Radon in Schools: A Review of Radon Testing Efforts in Canadian Schools. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(10):5469. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105469

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shergill, Sandy, Lindsay Forsman-Phillips, and Anne-Marie Nicol. 2021. "Radon in Schools: A Review of Radon Testing Efforts in Canadian Schools" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 10: 5469. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105469

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