Next Article in Journal
Determinants and Prediction of Injury Severities in Multi-Vehicle-Involved Crashes
Previous Article in Journal
Willingness to Be Vaccinated against COVID-19 in Spain before the Start of Vaccination: A Cross-Sectional Study
Article

Influence of Indoor Temperature Exposure on Emergency Department Visits Due to Infectious and Non-Infectious Respiratory Diseases for Older People

1
Department of Public Health, China Medical University, Taichung City 406060, Taiwan
2
Research Center of Environmental Trace Toxic Substances, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan City 70403, Taiwan
3
Big Data Center, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung City 404332, Taiwan
4
Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan City 70403, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jimmy T. Efird and Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(10), 5273; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105273
Received: 24 March 2021 / Revised: 12 May 2021 / Accepted: 13 May 2021 / Published: 15 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Public Health Statistics and Risk Assessment)
Previous studies have demonstrated that outdoor temperature exposure was an important risk factor for respiratory diseases. However, no study investigates the effect of indoor temperature exposure on respiratory diseases and further assesses cumulative effect. The objective of this study is to study the cumulative effect of indoor temperature exposure on emergency department visits due to infectious (IRD) and non-infectious (NIRD) respiratory diseases among older adults. Subjects were collected from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database in Taiwan. The cumulative degree hours (CDHs) was used to assess the cumulative effect of indoor temperature exposure. A distributed lag nonlinear model with quasi-Poisson function was used to analyze the association between CDHs and emergency department visits due to IRD and NIRD. For IRD, there was a significant risk at 27, 28, 29, 30, and 31 °C when the CDHs exceeded 69, 40, 14, 5, and 1 during the cooling season (May to October), respectively, and at 19, 20, 21, 22, and 23 °C when the CDHs exceeded 8, 1, 1, 35, and 62 during the heating season (November to April), respectively. For NIRD, there was a significant risk at 19, 20, 21, 22, and 23 °C when the CDHs exceeded 1, 1, 16, 36, and 52 during the heating season, respectively; the CDHs at 1 was only associated with the NIRD at 31 °C during the cooling season. Our data also indicated that the CDHs was lower among men than women. We conclude that the cumulative effects of indoor temperature exposure should be considered to reduce IRD risk in both cooling and heating seasons and NIRD risk in heating season and the cumulative effect on different gender. View Full-Text
Keywords: indoor temperature; older people; respiratory diseases; cumulative degree hour indoor temperature; older people; respiratory diseases; cumulative degree hour
MDPI and ACS Style

Jung, C.-C.; Chen, N.-T.; Hsia, Y.-F.; Hsu, N.-Y.; Su, H.-J. Influence of Indoor Temperature Exposure on Emergency Department Visits Due to Infectious and Non-Infectious Respiratory Diseases for Older People. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5273. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105273

AMA Style

Jung C-C, Chen N-T, Hsia Y-F, Hsu N-Y, Su H-J. Influence of Indoor Temperature Exposure on Emergency Department Visits Due to Infectious and Non-Infectious Respiratory Diseases for Older People. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(10):5273. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105273

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jung, Chien-Cheng; Chen, Nai-Tzu; Hsia, Ying-Fang; Hsu, Nai-Yun; Su, Huey-Jen. 2021. "Influence of Indoor Temperature Exposure on Emergency Department Visits Due to Infectious and Non-Infectious Respiratory Diseases for Older People" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 10: 5273. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105273

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop