Next Article in Journal
Food Environment in and around Primary School Children’s Schools and Neighborhoods in Two Urban Settings in Kenya
Next Article in Special Issue
Perceived Stress in Dentists and Dental Students of Latin America and the Caribbean during the Mandatory Social Isolation Measures for the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study
Previous Article in Journal
Does It Run in the Family? How Family Background Affects Attachment Styles for Students in Higher Education
Previous Article in Special Issue
Assessing SARS-CoV-2 Infection Rate among Romanian Dental Practitioners
Review

A Review of Prolonged Post-COVID-19 Symptoms and Their Implications on Dental Management

1
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Chaudhary Charan Singh University, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh 250001, India
2
Department of Health System Management, Ben-Gurion University of Negev, Beer-Sheva 8410501, Israel
3
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute, Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu 603103, India
4
Telemedicine and Tele Pharmacy Center, School Medicinal and Health Products Sciences, University of Camerino, 62032 Camerino, Italy
5
Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, Saveetha Dental College & Hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical & Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600077, India
6
Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Experimental Pathology, University of Coimbra, 3004-531 Coimbra, Portugal
7
Faculty of Medicine, Coimbra Institute for Clinical and Biomedical Research (iCBR), University of Coimbra, Area of Environment Genetics and Oncobiology (CIMAGO), 3000-548 Coimbra, Portugal
8
Centre for Innovative Biomedicine and Biotechnology (CIBB), University of Coimbra, 3004-504 Coimbra, Portugal
9
Clinical Academic Center of Coimbra (CACC), 3004-531 Coimbra, Portugal
10
Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, University of Naples “Federico II”, 80131 Napoli, Italy
11
Institute of Dentistry, I. M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, 119435 Moscow, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(10), 5131; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105131
Received: 27 March 2021 / Revised: 9 May 2021 / Accepted: 10 May 2021 / Published: 12 May 2021
The available data regarding the short and long-term consequences of COVID-19 is still insufficient. This narrative review aims to provide information on the prolonged COVID-19 symptoms in recovered patients and their implications during dental management. Additionally, this manuscript highlights the oral manifestations of COVID-19 and its management. A systematic search was conducted in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library and Web of Science databases, WHO and CDC websites, and grey literature was searched through Google Scholar. Clinical articles (clinical trials, case-reports, cohort, and cross-sectional studies) were included, reporting prolonged post-COVID-19 symptoms. Although COVID-19 is an infectious disease primarily affecting the lungs, its multi-organ involvement is responsible for several prolonged symptoms, including oral implications. In recovered patients with prolonged COVID-19 symptoms, considerations for providing dental treatment has to be made as they can present with assortment of symptoms. These prolonged post-COVID-19 symptoms can affect the delivery of the required dental treatment. Hence, the recommendations proposed in this narrative review can be a useful starting point to aid dental teams providing adequate care for such recovered patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: long-COVID; COVID-19 recovered; prolonged COVID symptoms; COVID-19 dental; post-COVID-19 syndrome long-COVID; COVID-19 recovered; prolonged COVID symptoms; COVID-19 dental; post-COVID-19 syndrome
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Chakraborty, T.; Jamal, R.F.; Battineni, G.; Teja, K.V.; Marto, C.M.; Spagnuolo, G. A Review of Prolonged Post-COVID-19 Symptoms and Their Implications on Dental Management. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5131. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105131

AMA Style

Chakraborty T, Jamal RF, Battineni G, Teja KV, Marto CM, Spagnuolo G. A Review of Prolonged Post-COVID-19 Symptoms and Their Implications on Dental Management. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(10):5131. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105131

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chakraborty, Trishnika, Rizwana F. Jamal, Gopi Battineni, Kavalipurapu V. Teja, Carlos M. Marto, and Gianrico Spagnuolo. 2021. "A Review of Prolonged Post-COVID-19 Symptoms and Their Implications on Dental Management" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 10: 5131. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105131

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop