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Article

Alcohol Use and Its Affordability in Adolescents in Slovakia between 2010 and 2018: Girls Are Less Adherent to Policy Measures

1
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Care and Social Work, Trnava University, 918 43 Trnava, Slovakia
2
Department of Public Health, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine in Martin, Comenius University in Bratislava, 036 01 Bratislava, Slovakia
3
Department of Midwifery, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine in Martin, Comenius University in Bratislava, 036 01 Bratislava, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Joanna Mazur and Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(10), 5047; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105047
Received: 21 March 2021 / Revised: 4 May 2021 / Accepted: 7 May 2021 / Published: 11 May 2021
Background: The article analyzes selected indicators of alcohol use (weekly use, drunkenness within last month) and the ability of adolescents to buy alcohol in Slovakia between 2010 and 2018. Methods: Health Behavior in School-Aged Children (HBSC) is a cross-sectional questionnaire study. A standardized uniform questionnaire was used to create a representative sample of 15-year-old adolescents. Two surveys carried out in Slovakia in 2010 (n = 1568) and 2018 (n = 1298) were analyzed. Results: Weekly alcohol use and drunkenness declined only in boys, not in girls. Affordability of alcohol (not being prevented from buying it) declined among weekly drinking boys (from 60.4 to 34.1%) but remained almost unchanged in girls from a higher socioeconomic group compared to those from a lower one (57.9% vs. 30.6% in 2018). Conclusions: Affordability of alcohol in boys decreased with a decline in alcohol use, corresponding with implemented legislative measures. However, it remained unchanged in girls from a higher socioeconomic group. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescents; alcohol; affordability; socioeconomic groups adolescents; alcohol; affordability; socioeconomic groups
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ochaba, R.; Baška, T.; Bašková, M. Alcohol Use and Its Affordability in Adolescents in Slovakia between 2010 and 2018: Girls Are Less Adherent to Policy Measures. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5047. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105047

AMA Style

Ochaba R, Baška T, Bašková M. Alcohol Use and Its Affordability in Adolescents in Slovakia between 2010 and 2018: Girls Are Less Adherent to Policy Measures. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(10):5047. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105047

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ochaba, Róbert; Baška, Tibor; Bašková, Martina. 2021. "Alcohol Use and Its Affordability in Adolescents in Slovakia between 2010 and 2018: Girls Are Less Adherent to Policy Measures" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 10: 5047. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105047

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