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Open AccessArticle

Burnout among Probation Officers in Poland and the Role of Preferred Styles of Coping with Stress

1
Institute of Pedagogy, Faculty of Social Science, University of Gdańsk, Bażyńskiego 4 St., 80-309 Gdańsk, Poland
2
Institute of Pedagogy, Pomeranian University in Słupsk, Arciszewskiego 22A St., 76-200 Słupsk, Poland
3
Department of Material Criminal Law and Criminology, Faculty of Law and Administration, University of Gdańsk, Bażyńskiego 6 St., 80-309 Gdańsk, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(1), 355; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010355
Received: 29 November 2020 / Revised: 30 December 2020 / Accepted: 1 January 2021 / Published: 5 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Psychological Wellbeing in Prisons and Corrections)
The current article examined the relationship between preferred styles of coping with stress and occupational burnout among probation officers in Poland. The probation system in Poland is unique in comparison to similar organizations in Europe and the world. It is characterized by two separate specializations in the area of performed tasks: probation officers for adults and for family and juvenile clients. The main purpose of the study was to assess the relationship between occupational burnout levels among probation officers (n = 390) and their preferred styles of coping with stress. Two psychological tools were used in the study: the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS). A linear regression analysis was carried out to explain the variance in occupational burnout. Occupational burnout was the dependent variable and the CISS scales were the predictors. In order to test the moderating role of the sociodemographic factors of gender, work experience, age, and probation specialization in the relationship between coping styles and occupational burnout, a range of moderation analyses using Hayes’ PROCESS macro on SPSS was carried out. View Full-Text
Keywords: probation officers; burnout; coping with the stress; job stress; justice system in Poland probation officers; burnout; coping with the stress; job stress; justice system in Poland
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wirkus, Ł.; Babicka-Wirkus, A.; Opora, R.; Stasiak, K. Burnout among Probation Officers in Poland and the Role of Preferred Styles of Coping with Stress. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 355. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010355

AMA Style

Wirkus Ł, Babicka-Wirkus A, Opora R, Stasiak K. Burnout among Probation Officers in Poland and the Role of Preferred Styles of Coping with Stress. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(1):355. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010355

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wirkus, Łukasz; Babicka-Wirkus, Anna; Opora, Robert; Stasiak, Krzysztof. 2021. "Burnout among Probation Officers in Poland and the Role of Preferred Styles of Coping with Stress" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 1: 355. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010355

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