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Distracted Behavior of Pedestrians While Crossing Street: A Case Study in China

School of Transportation, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189, China
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(1), 353; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010353
Received: 7 October 2020 / Revised: 25 December 2020 / Accepted: 28 December 2020 / Published: 5 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
Pedestrians are the most vulnerable road users in the traffic system and thousands of pedestrians are injured or killed globally as a result of traffic crashes every year. With their popularity and enriched functions, mobile phones are playing an increasingly important role in people’s lives, and records of vehicle crashes involving pedestrians have shown the hazards caused by distraction of mobile phone use, especially in the context of crossing the street. The present study employed the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to investigate the behavior of using a mobile phone while crossing the street in China. An online questionnaire based on the TPB framework was developed to collect data, and 387 eligible samples were retained after inspection. Mobile phone use while crossing the street is prevalent in China (i.e., 53%). The results show that three standard TPB constructs (i.e., attitudes, intention and perceived behavioral control) emerged as significant predictors of the behavior of using mobile phone while crossing, and two extended constructs (i.e., situation, mobile phone involvement) also significantly predicted the behavior. In addition, for this population, intention was the strongest predictor of the behavior among these significant constructs. Moreover, the results were discussed and compared with some existing studies and safety interventions were also provided. View Full-Text
Keywords: mobile phone use; distracted behavior; theory of planned behavior (TPB); street crossing; pedestrian safety mobile phone use; distracted behavior; theory of planned behavior (TPB); street crossing; pedestrian safety
MDPI and ACS Style

Hou, M.; Cheng, J.; Xiao, F.; Wang, C. Distracted Behavior of Pedestrians While Crossing Street: A Case Study in China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 353. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010353

AMA Style

Hou M, Cheng J, Xiao F, Wang C. Distracted Behavior of Pedestrians While Crossing Street: A Case Study in China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(1):353. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010353

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hou, Mingyu; Cheng, Jianchuan; Xiao, Feng; Wang, Chenzhu. 2021. "Distracted Behavior of Pedestrians While Crossing Street: A Case Study in China" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 1: 353. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010353

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