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Open AccessArticle

Evaluation of Functional Abilities in 0–6 Year Olds: An Analysis with the eEarlyCare Computer Application

1
Departamento de Ciencias de la Salud, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Burgos, Research Group DATAHES, Pº Comendadores s/n, 09001 Burgos, Spain
2
Departamento de Ingeniería Informática, Escuela Politécnica Superior, Universidad de Burgos, Research Group ADMIRABLE, Escuela Politécnica Superior, Avd. de Cantabria s/n, 09006 Burgos, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(9), 3315; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093315
Received: 10 April 2020 / Revised: 6 May 2020 / Accepted: 7 May 2020 / Published: 9 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Children Development and Health Care in Stress and Wellbeing Contexts)
The application of Industry 4.0 to the field of Health Sciences facilitates precise diagnosis and therapy determination. In particular, its effectiveness has been proven in the development of personalized therapeutic intervention programs. The objectives of this study were (1) to develop a computer application that allows the recording of the observational assessment of users aged 0–6 years old with impairment in functional areas and (2) to assess the effectiveness of computer application. We worked with a sample of 22 users with different degrees of cognitive disability at ages 0–6. The eEarlyCare computer application was developed with the aim of allowing the recording of the results of an evaluation of functional abilities and the interpretation of the results by a comparison with "normal development". In addition, the Machine Learning techniques of supervised and unsupervised learning were applied. The most relevant functional areas were predicted. Furthermore, three clusters of functional development were found. These did not always correspond to the disability degree. These data were visualized with distance map techniques. The use of computer applications together with Machine Learning techniques was shown to facilitate accurate diagnosis and therapeutic intervention. Future studies will address research in other user cohorts and expand the functionality of their application to personalized therapeutic programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: computer application; machine learning; early care; special needs computer application; machine learning; early care; special needs
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sáiz-Manzanares, M.C.; Marticorena-Sánchez, R.; Arnaiz-González, Á. Evaluation of Functional Abilities in 0–6 Year Olds: An Analysis with the eEarlyCare Computer Application. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3315. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093315

AMA Style

Sáiz-Manzanares MC, Marticorena-Sánchez R, Arnaiz-González Á. Evaluation of Functional Abilities in 0–6 Year Olds: An Analysis with the eEarlyCare Computer Application. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(9):3315. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093315

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sáiz-Manzanares, María C.; Marticorena-Sánchez, Raúl; Arnaiz-González, Álvar. 2020. "Evaluation of Functional Abilities in 0–6 Year Olds: An Analysis with the eEarlyCare Computer Application" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 9: 3315. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093315

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