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Article

The Effects of Urban Containment Policies on Public Health

1
Spatial Information Research Institute, Korea Land and Geospatial Informatix Corporation, 120 Giji-ro, Deokjin-gu, Jeonju-si, Jeollabuk-do 54870, Korea
2
College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-Gu, Seoul 08826, Korea
3
Division of Urban Landscape, Daegu University, Gyeongsan 38453, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(9), 3275; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093275
Received: 4 April 2020 / Revised: 4 May 2020 / Accepted: 5 May 2020 / Published: 8 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change and Health: Big Data Based Approach)
Public health risks such as obesity are influenced by numerous personal characteristics, but the local spatial structure such as an area’s built environment can also affect the obesity rate. This study analyzes and discusses how a greenbelt plan as a tool of urban containment policy has an effect on obesity. This study conducted spatial econometric regression models with five factors (13 variables) including transportation, socio-economic, public health, region, and policy factors. The relationship was analyzed between two policy effects of a greenbelt (i.e., a green buffer zone) and obesity. The variables for two policy effects of greenbelt zones are the size of the greenbelt and the inside and outside areas of the greenbelt. The results indicate that the two variables have negative effects on obesity. The results of the analyses in this study have several policy implications. Greenbelts play a role as an urban growth management policy, leading to a reduced obesity rate due to the influence of the transportation mode. In addition, greenbelts can also reduce the obesity rate because they provide recreation spaces for people. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; public health; urban containment policy; greenbelt; spatial economic analysis obesity; public health; urban containment policy; greenbelt; spatial economic analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jeon, J.; Kim, S.; Kwon, S.M. The Effects of Urban Containment Policies on Public Health. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3275. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093275

AMA Style

Jeon J, Kim S, Kwon SM. The Effects of Urban Containment Policies on Public Health. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(9):3275. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093275

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jeon, Jeongbae, Solhee Kim, and Sung M. Kwon 2020. "The Effects of Urban Containment Policies on Public Health" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 9: 3275. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093275

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