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Association between Living with Children and the Health and Health Behavior of Women and Men. Are There Differences by Age? Results of the “German Health Update” (GEDA) Study

Department of Epidemiology and Health Monitoring, Robert Koch Institute, 12101 Berlin, Germany
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(9), 3180; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093180
Received: 6 April 2020 / Revised: 27 April 2020 / Accepted: 28 April 2020 / Published: 2 May 2020
Does the health of women and men living with and without minor children differ, and are age differences evident in the association? For self-rated general health, depression, back pain, overweight, smoking and sporting inactivity, the GEDA data 2009–2012 (18–54 years, n = 39,096) were used to calculate prevalence for women and men stratified by parental status (living with children: yes/no) and age. Moreover, we calculated odds ratios and predictive margins, performing logistic regressions with interaction terms of parental status and age. Women and men aged 45–54 living with children are healthier than those not living with children. Parents aged 18–24 smoke more frequently and do less sport; young mothers are also more likely to be overweight and suffer from back pain than women not living with children. In multivariable analysis, the interaction of living with children and age is significant for all outcomes (except depression and back pain in men). Living with children is an important social determinant of health, highly dependent on age. It is to be discussed whether the bio-psycho-social situation has an influence on becoming a parent, or whether parenthood in different phases of life strains or enhances health. View Full-Text
Keywords: family; living with children; parenthood; mother; father; self-rated health; health behavior; mental health; Germany family; living with children; parenthood; mother; father; self-rated health; health behavior; mental health; Germany
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rattay, P.; von der Lippe, E. Association between Living with Children and the Health and Health Behavior of Women and Men. Are There Differences by Age? Results of the “German Health Update” (GEDA) Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3180. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093180

AMA Style

Rattay P, von der Lippe E. Association between Living with Children and the Health and Health Behavior of Women and Men. Are There Differences by Age? Results of the “German Health Update” (GEDA) Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(9):3180. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093180

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rattay, Petra; von der Lippe, Elena. 2020. "Association between Living with Children and the Health and Health Behavior of Women and Men. Are There Differences by Age? Results of the “German Health Update” (GEDA) Study" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 9: 3180. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093180

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