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Open AccessArticle

Development and Psychometric Properties of the Pressure Injury Prevention Knowledge Questionnaire in Spanish Nurses

Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Jaén, 23071 Jaén, Spain
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(9), 3063; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093063
Received: 7 April 2020 / Revised: 27 April 2020 / Accepted: 27 April 2020 / Published: 28 April 2020
Pressure injuries (PIs) are a major health problem with severe implications for patients. Professionals who care for people at risk should have high knowledge about PIs prevention. The actual knowledge can be measured using different tools, but we have found no questionnaire to measure the knowledge on PIs prevention developed and validated for Spanish-speaking countries. The aim of this study was to develop a questionnaire in Spanish to measure the knowledge about PIs prevention based on current international guidelines. Content validity was evaluated by 12 experts in wound care. A convenience sample of 438 nursing professionals from Spain participated to evaluate the questionnaire using item analysis, Rasch model, and known-groups validity. The PI Prevention Knowledge (PIPK) questionnaire shows good discrimination and difficulty indices. The 31-item PIPK shows good fit and reliability of 0.98 for items and 0.72 for people; also, it has enough evidence for construct validity. Because the questionnaire has been developed based on the recommendations from international guidelines, the English version of this questionnaire could be used in further studies to test its psychometric properties. View Full-Text
Keywords: knowledge; prevention; surveys and questionnaires; nursing staff; validation studies; pressure ulcer knowledge; prevention; surveys and questionnaires; nursing staff; validation studies; pressure ulcer
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MDPI and ACS Style

López-Franco, M.D.; Parra-Anguita, L.; Comino-Sanz, I.M.; Pancorbo-Hidalgo, P.L. Development and Psychometric Properties of the Pressure Injury Prevention Knowledge Questionnaire in Spanish Nurses. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3063. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093063

AMA Style

López-Franco MD, Parra-Anguita L, Comino-Sanz IM, Pancorbo-Hidalgo PL. Development and Psychometric Properties of the Pressure Injury Prevention Knowledge Questionnaire in Spanish Nurses. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(9):3063. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093063

Chicago/Turabian Style

López-Franco, María D.; Parra-Anguita, Laura; Comino-Sanz, Inés M.; Pancorbo-Hidalgo, Pedro L. 2020. "Development and Psychometric Properties of the Pressure Injury Prevention Knowledge Questionnaire in Spanish Nurses" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 9: 3063. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093063

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