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Article

Successfully Recruiting Adults with a Low Socioeconomic Position into Community-Based Lifestyle Programs: A Qualitative Study on Expert Opinions

1
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Amsterdam UMC, VU University, De Boelelaan 1089a, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
2
Upstream Team, www.upstreamteam.nl, Amsterdam UMC, VU University, De Boelelaan 1089a, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
3
Athena Institute, Faculty of Science, VU University Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
4
Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht University, Universiteitsweg 100, 3584 CG Utrecht, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(8), 2764; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082764
Received: 27 March 2020 / Revised: 14 April 2020 / Accepted: 14 April 2020 / Published: 16 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Community Participation in Health Promotion: Challenges and Successes)
We explored experts’ perceived challenges and success factors in the recruitment of adults with a low socioeconomic position (SEP) for participation in community-based lifestyle modification programs. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 11 experienced project coordinators, based on a topic list that included experiences with recruitment, perceived barriers and success factors, and general views on recruitment strategies. Results revealed challenges related to the context of the program (e.g., limited program resources), psychosocial barriers of the participants (e.g., mistrust or skepticism), practical barriers (e.g., low literacy or having other priorities), and reasons to decline participation (e.g., lack of interest or motivation). Success factors were related to securing beneficial contextual and program-related factors (e.g., multi-layered recruitment strategy), establishing contact with the target group (e.g., via existing networks, community key-members), methods to increase engagement (e.g., personal approach and involvement of the target group in the program process) and making participation easier (e.g., providing transport), and providing various types of incentives. Concluding, the group of participants with low SEP covers a wide spectrum of individuals. Therefore, multiple recruitment strategies at multiple layers should be employed, and tailored. The lessons learned of those with hands-on experiences will help to enhance recruitment in future programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: recruitment; lifestyle intervention; socioeconomic status; qualitative research recruitment; lifestyle intervention; socioeconomic status; qualitative research
MDPI and ACS Style

Stuber, J.M.; Middel, C.N.H.; Mackenbach, J.D.; Beulens, J.W.J.; Lakerveld, J. Successfully Recruiting Adults with a Low Socioeconomic Position into Community-Based Lifestyle Programs: A Qualitative Study on Expert Opinions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2764. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082764

AMA Style

Stuber JM, Middel CNH, Mackenbach JD, Beulens JWJ, Lakerveld J. Successfully Recruiting Adults with a Low Socioeconomic Position into Community-Based Lifestyle Programs: A Qualitative Study on Expert Opinions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(8):2764. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082764

Chicago/Turabian Style

Stuber, Josine M., Cédric N.H. Middel, Joreintje D. Mackenbach, Joline W.J. Beulens, and Jeroen Lakerveld. 2020. "Successfully Recruiting Adults with a Low Socioeconomic Position into Community-Based Lifestyle Programs: A Qualitative Study on Expert Opinions" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 8: 2764. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082764

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