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Brief Report

A Logic Model for Evaluation and Planning in an Adult Day Care for Disabled Japanese Old People

1
Department of Community Health Nursing, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
2
School of Nursing, Midwifery & Social Work, The University of Queensland, At Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia
3
Analytics & Innovation Department, Business Development Division, SMS Co., Ltd., 2-11-1 Shibakouen, Minato-ku, Tokyo 105-0011, Japan
4
Faculty of Nursing and Medical Care, Keio University, 4411 Endo, Fujisawa, Kanagawa 252-0883, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(6), 2061; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17062061
Received: 31 January 2020 / Revised: 14 March 2020 / Accepted: 17 March 2020 / Published: 20 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Promotion for the Elderly)
Adult day care (ADC) provides various services for meeting clients’ needs. Based on the mini-Delphi method with 46 ADC staff and the discussions with eight ADC administrators, this study developed and finalized a comprehensive logic model to represent the elements of ADC. For the three basic structures of a logic model—inputs/activities, outputs, and outcomes—the model contained seven core categories and 23 sub-categories. The ADC inputs/activities consisted of two core categories: “Place to stay” and “Intervention from staff”. These inputs/activities caused two kinds of outputs: “Clients’ experiences” and “Families’ experiences”. “Accumulating experiences” with repeated ADC visits was established as the link between the ADC outputs and outcomes, which were “Clients’ change” and “Families’ change”. ADC centers provide various experiences for their clients and their caregivers, ranging from the fulfillment of needs for fundamental care to psychiatric care and self-actualization. Improving various model-related inputs/interventions can produce better experiences and outcomes. The model can guide ADC administrators, policymakers, and researchers in the evaluation of a heterogeneous ADC service program that is community-based, thereby ensuring optimal care for clients with an efficient use of resources. View Full-Text
Keywords: adult day care; group interview; logic model development; quality management adult day care; group interview; logic model development; quality management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Naruse, T.; Kitano, A.; Matsumoto, H.; Nagata, S. A Logic Model for Evaluation and Planning in an Adult Day Care for Disabled Japanese Old People. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2061. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17062061

AMA Style

Naruse T, Kitano A, Matsumoto H, Nagata S. A Logic Model for Evaluation and Planning in an Adult Day Care for Disabled Japanese Old People. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(6):2061. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17062061

Chicago/Turabian Style

Naruse, Takashi, Ayaka Kitano, Hiroshige Matsumoto, and Satoko Nagata. 2020. "A Logic Model for Evaluation and Planning in an Adult Day Care for Disabled Japanese Old People" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 6: 2061. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17062061

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