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Open AccessArticle

New Application of Osteogenic Differentiation from HiPS Stem Cells for Evaluating the Osteogenic Potential of Nanomaterials in Dentistry

1
Specialization School in Oral Surgery, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, 20132 Milan, Italy
2
Dental School, Vita-Salute University and IRCCS San Raffaele, 20132 Milan, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(6), 1947; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17061947
Received: 29 January 2020 / Revised: 11 March 2020 / Accepted: 12 March 2020 / Published: 16 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Implant-Prosthetic Rehabilitation and Maintenance)
Objective: HiPS stem cells are commonly used for the study of medical disorders. The laboratory in which this study was conducted uses these cells for examining the treatment and cure of neurodegenerative diseases. Bone regeneration poses the greatest challenge for an oral surgeon both in terms of increased implant osseointegration and reducing bone healing times. The aim of this study was to validate the protocol in the literature to produce and then test in vitro osteoblasts with different nanomaterials to simulate bone regeneration. Method: hiPS clones (#2, #4, and #8) were differentiated into an osteoblast cell culture tested for alizarin red staining and for alkaline phosphatase testing at 14, 21 and 28 days, after the cells were plated. Results: The cells showed diffuse positivity under alizarin red staining and the alkaline phosphatase (ALP)-test, showing small formations of calcium clusters. Conclusion: Despite the limitations of our study, it is a starting point for further protocols, laying a solid foundation for research in the field of bone regeneration through the use of stem cells. View Full-Text
Keywords: stem cells; nanomaterials; biomaterials; bone substitutes; growth factor; bone regeneration stem cells; nanomaterials; biomaterials; bone substitutes; growth factor; bone regeneration
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Tetè, G.; Capparè, P.; Gherlone, E. New Application of Osteogenic Differentiation from HiPS Stem Cells for Evaluating the Osteogenic Potential of Nanomaterials in Dentistry. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1947.

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