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Evidence of the Importance of Dietary Habits Regarding Depressive Symptoms and Depression

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The Nurse Unit in the Municipality of Trelleborg, 231 83 Trelleborg, Sweden
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The Nurse Unit in the Municipality of Eslöv, 241 80 Eslöv, Sweden
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Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Box 157, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden
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Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Clinical Memory Research Unit, Lund University, Box 157, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(5), 1616; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051616
Received: 12 January 2020 / Revised: 20 February 2020 / Accepted: 27 February 2020 / Published: 2 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Health Care Sciences & Services)
Background: Mental illness is one of the fastest rising threats to public health, of which depression and anxiety disorders are increasing the most. Research shows that diet is associated with depressive symptoms or depression (depression). Aim: This study aimed to investigate the diets impact on depression, by reviewing the scientific evidence for prevention and treatment interventions. Method: A systematic review was conducted, and narrative synthesis analysis was performed. Result: Twenty scientific articles were included in this review. The result showed that high adherence to dietary recommendations; avoiding processed foods; intake of anti-inflammatory diet; magnesium and folic acid; various fatty acids; and fish consumption had a depression. Public health professionals that work to support and motivate healthy eating habits may help prevent and treat depression based on the evidence presented in the results of this study. Further research is needed to strengthen a causal relationship and define evidence-based strategies to implement in prevention and treatment by public healthcare. View Full-Text
Keywords: anxiety; causality; depression; depressive symptoms; diet; mental health; prevention; public health; public health professionals anxiety; causality; depression; depressive symptoms; diet; mental health; prevention; public health; public health professionals
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ljungberg, T.; Bondza, E.; Lethin, C. Evidence of the Importance of Dietary Habits Regarding Depressive Symptoms and Depression. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1616. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051616

AMA Style

Ljungberg T, Bondza E, Lethin C. Evidence of the Importance of Dietary Habits Regarding Depressive Symptoms and Depression. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(5):1616. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051616

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ljungberg, Tina, Emma Bondza, and Connie Lethin. 2020. "Evidence of the Importance of Dietary Habits Regarding Depressive Symptoms and Depression" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 5: 1616. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051616

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