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Open AccessArticle

Enhancing Sustainability and Resilience through Multi-Level Infrastructure Planning

by 1 and 2,*
1
School of Civil Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de València, 46022 Valencia, Spain
2
ICITECH, Universitat Politècnica de València, 46022 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(3), 962; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030962
Received: 12 January 2020 / Revised: 2 February 2020 / Accepted: 3 February 2020 / Published: 4 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trends in Sustainable Buildings and Infrastructure)
Resilient planning demands not only resilient actions, but also resilient implementation, which promotes adaptive capacity for the attainment of the planned objectives. This requires, in the case of multi-level infrastructure systems, the simultaneous pursuit of bottom-up infrastructure planning for the promotion of adaptive capacity, and of top-down approaches for the achievement of global objectives and the reduction of structural vulnerabilities and imbalances. Though several authors have pointed out the need to balance bottom-up flexibility with top-down hierarchical control for better plan implementation, very few methods have yet been developed with this aim, least of all with a multi-objective perspective. This work addressed this lack by including, for the first time, the mitigation of urban vulnerability, the improvement of road network condition, and the minimization of the economic cost as objectives in a resilient planning process in which both actions and their implementation are planned for a controlled, sustainable development. Building on Urban planning support system (UPSS), a previously developed planning tool, the improved planning support system affords a planning alternative over the Spanish road network, with the best multi-objective balance between optimization, risk, and opportunity. The planning process then formalizes local adaptive capacity as the capacity to vary the selected planning alternative within certain limits, and global risk control as the duties that should be achieved in exchange. Finally, by means of multi-objective optimization, the method reveals the multi-objective trade-offs between local opportunity, global risk, and rights and duties at local scale, thus providing deeper understanding for better informed decision-making. View Full-Text
Keywords: multi-scale assessment; hierarchical relational modeling; cascading impacts; adaptive capacity; infrastructure integrated planning; road network; decentralization optimization multi-scale assessment; hierarchical relational modeling; cascading impacts; adaptive capacity; infrastructure integrated planning; road network; decentralization optimization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Salas, J.; Yepes, V. Enhancing Sustainability and Resilience through Multi-Level Infrastructure Planning. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 962. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030962

AMA Style

Salas J, Yepes V. Enhancing Sustainability and Resilience through Multi-Level Infrastructure Planning. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(3):962. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030962

Chicago/Turabian Style

Salas, Jorge; Yepes, Víctor. 2020. "Enhancing Sustainability and Resilience through Multi-Level Infrastructure Planning" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 3: 962. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030962

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