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Review

Keeping People with Dementia or Mild Cognitive Impairment in Employment: A Literature Review on Its Determinants

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UOC Neurologia, Salute Pubblica e Disabilità, Fondazione Irccs Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, 20133 Milan, Italy
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UOC Neurologia 5 – Neuropatologia, Fondazione Irccs Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, 20133 Milan, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(3), 842; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030842
Received: 5 December 2019 / Revised: 24 January 2020 / Accepted: 27 January 2020 / Published: 29 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Implementation of Interventions in Public Health)
Background: Approximately 10–20% of people with early onset dementias (EOD) or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are aged under 65 and, due to extended working life and increasing prevalence of dementias, they more and more frequently will be present in the active workforce. This review aimed to synthesize the available information about the ability of people with EOD or MCI to retain their participation in the labor workforce. Methods: We searched SCOPUS and EMBASE for peer-reviewed papers that reported studies assessing work ability in employees with EOD or MCI that were published in the period of January 2010 to August 2019. Results: We selected four publications, in which 1012 participants with EOD or MCI were enrolled (41.2% males). Cognitive difficulties rather than motor dysfunction were found to reduce patients’ ability to work. Two main themes emerged: management of dementia in the workplace and the impact of symptoms on working status. Conclusions: EOD and MCI impact on workforce participation by determining problems in executive functions. Although this review was based on a small sample of studies, it can be shown that support in the workplace may act as a facilitator to enhance workforce participation, and occupational health professionals can help patients with EOD or MCI continue working as much as possible. View Full-Text
Keywords: employment; dementia; work performance; work engagement; public health employment; dementia; work performance; work engagement; public health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Silvaggi, F.; Leonardi, M.; Tiraboschi, P.; Muscio, C.; Toppo, C.; Raggi, A. Keeping People with Dementia or Mild Cognitive Impairment in Employment: A Literature Review on Its Determinants. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 842. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030842

AMA Style

Silvaggi F, Leonardi M, Tiraboschi P, Muscio C, Toppo C, Raggi A. Keeping People with Dementia or Mild Cognitive Impairment in Employment: A Literature Review on Its Determinants. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(3):842. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030842

Chicago/Turabian Style

Silvaggi, Fabiola, Matilde Leonardi, Pietro Tiraboschi, Cristina Muscio, Claudia Toppo, and Alberto Raggi. 2020. "Keeping People with Dementia or Mild Cognitive Impairment in Employment: A Literature Review on Its Determinants" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 3: 842. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030842

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