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Article

Characteristics of Victims of Fall-Related Accidents during Mountain Hiking

1
Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
2
Austrian Society of Alpine and High Altitude Medicine, 6414 Mieming, Austria
3
Department for Trauma Surgery and Sports Medicine, Medical University of Innsbruck, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
4
Austrian Board of Alpine Safety, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
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Institute for Sports Medicine, Alpine Medicine and Health Tourism (ISAG), Tirol Kliniken GmbH, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
6
Private University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology (UMIT), 6060 Hall/Tyrol, Austria
7
Pedagogical University Tyrol, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(3), 1115; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17031115
Received: 3 December 2019 / Revised: 4 February 2020 / Accepted: 5 February 2020 / Published: 10 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mountain Sports Activities: Injuries and Prevention)
The study evaluated characteristics of non-fatal mountain hiking accidents caused by falls. Questionnaires were sent to mountain hikers who suffered a fall-related accident in Tyrol (Austria) during a 3-year period. The questionnaire included details of socio-demographic data, physical activity, medication intake, defective vision, breaks, fluid intake, level of fatigue, muscle soreness, use of backpacks, use of hiking sticks, and type of shoes. Data of 405 individuals (57% females and 43% males) were included in the analyses. Victims were 56 ± 15 years of age, had a body mass index of 24.8 ± 3.5, and indicated 4.2 ± 3.9 h/week regular physical activity. A defective vision was reported by 70% of the victims, breaks were frequent (in 80%), and alcohol intake was rare (4%) among the interviewed hikers. Subjective level of fatigue was low and only 5% reported muscle soreness. A backpack was carried by 83% of the victims and the average weight was higher in males compared to females. The majority (61%) of the victims wore ankle-height hiking shoes with a profiled sole. Victims of non-fatal falls in mountain hiking are older than the general population of mountain hikers and are often afflicted with defective vision. View Full-Text
Keywords: mountain sports; accident; emergency; fall; risk mountain sports; accident; emergency; fall; risk
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MDPI and ACS Style

Faulhaber, M.; Ruedl, G.; Schneider, F.; Walter, D.; Sterr, R.; Schobersberger, W.; Schwendinger, F.; Pocecco, E. Characteristics of Victims of Fall-Related Accidents during Mountain Hiking. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1115. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17031115

AMA Style

Faulhaber M, Ruedl G, Schneider F, Walter D, Sterr R, Schobersberger W, Schwendinger F, Pocecco E. Characteristics of Victims of Fall-Related Accidents during Mountain Hiking. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(3):1115. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17031115

Chicago/Turabian Style

Faulhaber, Martin, Gerhard Ruedl, Friedemann Schneider, Dagmar Walter, Regina Sterr, Wolfgang Schobersberger, Fabian Schwendinger, and Elena Pocecco. 2020. "Characteristics of Victims of Fall-Related Accidents during Mountain Hiking" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 3: 1115. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17031115

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