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Open AccessArticle

Information Management in Healthcare and Environment: Towards an Automatic System for Fake News Detection

1
Ciencias de la Información y de la Comunicación, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, 08035 Barcelona, Spain
2
Tactical Whistleblower Association, 46022 València, Spain
3
Instituto Universitario de Matemática Pura y Aplicada, Universitat Politècnica de València, 46022 València, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(3), 1066; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17031066
Received: 18 December 2019 / Revised: 31 January 2020 / Accepted: 4 February 2020 / Published: 8 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Social Media Intelligence for Public Health Surveillance)
Comments and information appearing on the internet and on different social media sway opinion concerning potential remedies for diagnosing and curing diseases. In many cases, this has an impact on citizens’ health and affects medical professionals, who find themselves having to defend their diagnoses as well as the treatments they propose against ill-informed patients. The propagation of these opinions follows the same pattern as the dissemination of fake news about other important topics, such as the environment, via social media networks, which we use as a testing ground for checking our procedure. In this article, we present an algorithm to analyse the behaviour of users of Twitter, the most important social network with respect to this issue, as well as a dynamic knowledge graph construction method based on information gathered from Twitter and other open data sources such as web pages. To show our methodology, we present a concrete example of how the associated graph structure of the tweets related to World Environment Day 2019 is used to develop a heuristic analysis of the validity of the information. The proposed analytical scheme is based on the interaction between the computer tool—a database implemented with Neo4j—and the analyst, who must ask the right questions to the tool, allowing to follow the line of any doubtful data. We also show how this method can be used. We also present some methodological guidelines on how our system could allow, in the future, an automation of the procedures for the construction of an autonomous algorithm for the detection of false news on the internet related to health. View Full-Text
Keywords: healthcare; environment; fake news; reinforcement learning; graph healthcare; environment; fake news; reinforcement learning; graph
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Lara-Navarra, P.; Falciani, H.; Sánchez-Pérez, E.A.; Ferrer-Sapena, A. Information Management in Healthcare and Environment: Towards an Automatic System for Fake News Detection. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1066.

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