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Article

Prevention of SARS-CoV-2 Infection Among Police Officers in Poland—Implications for Public Health Policies

1
Department of Prevention of Environmental Hazards and Allergology, Medical University of Warsaw, 02-091 Warsaw, Poland
2
School of Public Health, Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education, 01-826 Warsaw, Poland
3
Central Clinical Hospital of the Ministry of the Interior and Administration in Warsaw, 02-507 Warsaw, Poland
4
KR Consulting, 00-001 Warsaw, Poland
5
UHE Satellite Campus in Warsaw, University of Humanities and Economics in Łódź, 01-513 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(23), 9072; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239072
Received: 15 October 2020 / Revised: 2 December 2020 / Accepted: 3 December 2020 / Published: 4 December 2020
Background: This study aimed to characterize sources of knowledge on the means of prevention of SARS-CoV-2 infections as well as to assess the methods of preventing SARS-CoV-2 infection among police employees in Poland and their potential impact on the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Methods: The study consisted of two phases: questionnaire and laboratory tests for SARS-CoV-2 infection. The questionnaire included 30 questions related to risk factors, knowledge about SARS-CoV-2, and methods of infection prevention. Results: Data were obtained from 5082 police employees. The most common source of knowledge for a daily update on SARS-CoV-2 infection prevention was the Internet (42.6%), television (40.3%), and radio (39.7%). The most commonly used methods of SARS-CoV-2 infection included washing one’s hands for at least 20 s (95.8%), wearing facemasks (82.9%), and physical distancing (74.9%). Results of IgG tests were lower in police units where the overall compliance with the preventive measures was higher (p < 0.01). Women were more likely to exercise SARS-CoV-2 infection prevention behaviors compared to men. Compliance with the recommended protective measures increased with age. Conclusions: Lower anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG seropositivity rates were observed in police units with better overall compliance with the preventive measures, suggesting the key importance of group rather than individual behaviors. View Full-Text
Keywords: coronavirus; COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; infection prevention; police coronavirus; COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; infection prevention; police
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MDPI and ACS Style

Raciborski, F.; Jankowski, M.; Gujski, M.; Pinkas, J.; Samel-Kowalik, P.; Zaczyński, A.; Pańkowski, I.; Rakocy, K.; Wierzba, W. Prevention of SARS-CoV-2 Infection Among Police Officers in Poland—Implications for Public Health Policies. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9072. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239072

AMA Style

Raciborski F, Jankowski M, Gujski M, Pinkas J, Samel-Kowalik P, Zaczyński A, Pańkowski I, Rakocy K, Wierzba W. Prevention of SARS-CoV-2 Infection Among Police Officers in Poland—Implications for Public Health Policies. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(23):9072. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239072

Chicago/Turabian Style

Raciborski, Filip, Mateusz Jankowski, Mariusz Gujski, Jarosław Pinkas, Piotr Samel-Kowalik, Artur Zaczyński, Igor Pańkowski, Kamil Rakocy, and Waldemar Wierzba. 2020. "Prevention of SARS-CoV-2 Infection Among Police Officers in Poland—Implications for Public Health Policies" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 23: 9072. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239072

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