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Open AccessArticle

The Influence of Social Isolation on the Preventive Behaviors for Non-Communicable Diseases in Community-Dwelling Older Adults in Japan

1
Graduate School of Health Sciences, Kobe University, 7-10-2 Tomogaoka, Suma, Kobe, Hyogo 6540142, Japan
2
Department of Pediatric and Maternity Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(23), 8985; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238985
Received: 8 November 2020 / Revised: 27 November 2020 / Accepted: 30 November 2020 / Published: 2 December 2020
This study aimed to examine the relationship between one’s physical status related to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and social isolation, and to identify lifestyle behaviors for the prevention of NCDs associated with social isolation among community-dwelling older adults in Japan. A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate lifestyle behaviors for NCD prevention associated with social isolation in Japanese adults aged 60 years and above in a community setting. Out of 57 participants, 17.5% were not socially participative, 66.7% hardly ever, 29.8% sometimes, and 3.5% often felt loneliness. Non-social participation and loneliness were negatively related to the frequency of vegetable and fruit intake. Additionally, loneliness was positively associated with one’s duration of smoking and current smoking habits, and negatively associated with the frequency of moderate-intensity activities, with marginal significance. Those with non-social participation or loneliness were less likely to eat a healthy diet and live a smoke-free lifestyle. The findings of this study suggest that a mutual health support system in the community and the development of community-based approaches for the prevention of NCDs among Japanese older adults are needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: social isolation; social participation; loneliness; lifestyle; prevention; non-communicable diseases; community social isolation; social participation; loneliness; lifestyle; prevention; non-communicable diseases; community
MDPI and ACS Style

Yamaguchi, Y.; Yamada, M.; Hapsari, E.D.; Matsuo, H. The Influence of Social Isolation on the Preventive Behaviors for Non-Communicable Diseases in Community-Dwelling Older Adults in Japan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8985.

AMA Style

Yamaguchi Y, Yamada M, Hapsari ED, Matsuo H. The Influence of Social Isolation on the Preventive Behaviors for Non-Communicable Diseases in Community-Dwelling Older Adults in Japan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(23):8985.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yamaguchi, Yuko; Yamada, Masako; Hapsari, Elsi D.; Matsuo, Hiroya. 2020. "The Influence of Social Isolation on the Preventive Behaviors for Non-Communicable Diseases in Community-Dwelling Older Adults in Japan" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 23: 8985.

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