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Article

The Effect of Balance and Sand Training on Postural Control in Elite Beach Volleyball Players

1
Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Education, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
2
Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, School of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Verona, 37131 Verona, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors share first authorship.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(23), 8981; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238981
Received: 17 September 2020 / Revised: 29 November 2020 / Accepted: 1 December 2020 / Published: 2 December 2020
The aim of this work was to evaluate the effectiveness of a 12-week-long balance training program on the postural control of elite male beach volleyball players and the effect on balance when swapping to specific sports training in the sand in the following 12 weeks. Six elite players were tested before and after the balance training program and also 12 weeks after the balance training had finished. To this aim, a pressure platform was used to collect the following center of pressure parameters: path length, speed, mean position, and root-mean-square amplitude in the medial-lateral and anteroposterior planes. Romberg quotients for the center of pressure parameters were also calculated. The results of the present study showed better static postural control after specific balance training: smaller path length and speed under open eyes condition in dominant (p = 0.015; p = 0.009, respectively) and non-dominant monopedal stances (p = 0.005; p = 0.004, respectively). Contrastingly, 12 weeks after the balance training program, the path length and speed values under open eyes condition in bipedal stance increased significantly (p = 0.045; p = 0.004, respectively) for sand training. According to our results, balance training is effective to achieve positive balance test scores. It is speculated, and yet to be proven, that sand training could be effective to improve dynamic and open eyes postural control during beach volleyball practice. In beach volleyball players, a balance training program is effective to develop static balance but the effect of ecological sand training on dynamic performance deserves specific investigation. View Full-Text
Keywords: athletes; posturography; core; stability; proprioception athletes; posturography; core; stability; proprioception
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sebastia-Amat, S.; Ardigò, L.P.; Jimenez-Olmedo, J.M.; Pueo, B.; Penichet-Tomas, A. The Effect of Balance and Sand Training on Postural Control in Elite Beach Volleyball Players. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8981. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238981

AMA Style

Sebastia-Amat S, Ardigò LP, Jimenez-Olmedo JM, Pueo B, Penichet-Tomas A. The Effect of Balance and Sand Training on Postural Control in Elite Beach Volleyball Players. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(23):8981. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238981

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sebastia-Amat, Sergio, Luca P. Ardigò, Jose M. Jimenez-Olmedo, Basilio Pueo, and Alfonso Penichet-Tomas. 2020. "The Effect of Balance and Sand Training on Postural Control in Elite Beach Volleyball Players" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 23: 8981. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238981

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