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Open AccessArticle

The Consumption of Sweets and Academic Performance among Mongolian Children

1
Department of Global Health Promotion, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8519, Japan
2
Department of Social and Behavioral Science, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
3
Department of Maxillofacial Orthognathics, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo 113-8510, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(23), 8912; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238912
Received: 30 October 2020 / Revised: 25 November 2020 / Accepted: 26 November 2020 / Published: 30 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Adolescents)
The regular consumption of sweets has been shown to have an adverse association with the academic performance of children in developed countries; however, the situation in developing countries is less clear. Therefore, we examined the association between the consumption of sweets and academic performance among Mongolian children via a cross-sectional study employing data from 787 children aged 8–16 from two public schools in Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia. The frequency of the consumption of sweets by the children was captured using a questionnaire and then linked to their academic scores; the association between the consumption of sweets and scores in mathematics and the Mongolian language was evaluated using multiple linear regression adjusted for other covariates. It was found that out of 787 students, 58.6% ate sweets every day. After adjusting for covariates, no significant association was observed between the consumption of sweets and mathematics scores (coefficient: 0.15; 95% confidence interval (CI): −0.02–0.32), while a higher consumption of sweets was significantly associated with higher scores in the Mongolian language (coefficient: 0.25; 95% CI: 0.09–0.41). The associations established in this study are inconsistent with the reports of other studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: academic score; nutrition; Mongolia academic score; nutrition; Mongolia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nakahara, N.; Matsuyama, Y.; Kino, S.; Badrakhkhuu, N.; Ogawa, T.; Moriyama, K.; Fujiwara, T.; Kawachi, I. The Consumption of Sweets and Academic Performance among Mongolian Children. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8912.

AMA Style

Nakahara N, Matsuyama Y, Kino S, Badrakhkhuu N, Ogawa T, Moriyama K, Fujiwara T, Kawachi I. The Consumption of Sweets and Academic Performance among Mongolian Children. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(23):8912.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nakahara, Noboru; Matsuyama, Yusuke; Kino, Shiho; Badrakhkhuu, Nomin; Ogawa, Takuya; Moriyama, Keiji; Fujiwara, Takeo; Kawachi, Ichiro. 2020. "The Consumption of Sweets and Academic Performance among Mongolian Children" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 23: 8912.

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