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Reopening Schools during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Overview and Rapid Systematic Review of Guidelines and Recommendations on Preventive Measures and the Management of Cases

1
Department of Public Health Sciences and Paediatrics, University of Torino, 10126 Torino, Italy
2
AOU City of Health and Science of Turin, 10126 Torino, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(23), 8839; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238839
Received: 30 October 2020 / Revised: 20 November 2020 / Accepted: 25 November 2020 / Published: 27 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Challenges and Crucial Topics for 2030 Public Health)
Given the limited evidence of school closure effectiveness in containing the pandemic and the consequences for young people, reopening schools with appropriate measures is essential. This overview aimed to describe the main measures planned for the 2020–2021 academic year within the WHO European Region. A rapid systematic review of scientific databases was also performed. The websites of the government, Ministry of Health, and Ministry of Education of European Region countries were searched through 1 October for official documents about the prevention and management of suspected cases/confirmed cases in primary and secondary schools. To find further suggestions, a rapid systematic review was conducted through 20 October searching Pubmed, Scopus, and Embase. There were 23 official documents. France, Luxembourg, Malta, Ireland, Italy, Portugal, the UK, Spain, and San Marino were considered. Performing the rapid review, 855 records were identified and 7 papers were finally selected. The recommendations mostly agreed. However, there was no consensus on the criteria for the return to school of students that tested positive, and the flexibility between attendance at school and remote education for high-risk children often varied. School closure was commonly considered as the very last resort for COVID-19 control. Studies are required to evaluate the impact of different recommendations during this autumn term. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; schools; reopening; prevention and control COVID-19; schools; reopening; prevention and control
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lo Moro, G.; Sinigaglia, T.; Bert, F.; Savatteri, A.; Gualano, M.R.; Siliquini, R. Reopening Schools during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Overview and Rapid Systematic Review of Guidelines and Recommendations on Preventive Measures and the Management of Cases. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8839. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238839

AMA Style

Lo Moro G, Sinigaglia T, Bert F, Savatteri A, Gualano MR, Siliquini R. Reopening Schools during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Overview and Rapid Systematic Review of Guidelines and Recommendations on Preventive Measures and the Management of Cases. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(23):8839. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238839

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lo Moro, Giuseppina, Tiziana Sinigaglia, Fabrizio Bert, Armando Savatteri, Maria R. Gualano, and Roberta Siliquini. 2020. "Reopening Schools during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Overview and Rapid Systematic Review of Guidelines and Recommendations on Preventive Measures and the Management of Cases" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 23: 8839. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238839

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