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Article

Comparative Analysis of User Exposure to the Electromagnetic Radiation Emitted by the Fourth and Fifth Generations of Wi-Fi Communication Devices

1
Communications, IT and Cyber Defense Department, “Nicolae Bălcescu” Land Forces Academy, 550170 Sibiu, Romania
2
Telecommunications and Information Technology Department, “Ferdinand I” Military Technical Academy, 050141 Bucharest, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(23), 8837; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238837
Received: 25 October 2020 / Revised: 24 November 2020 / Accepted: 25 November 2020 / Published: 27 November 2020
A suitable metric to describe human exposure to microwaves emitted by wireless communication devices is still incomplete. By using both theoretical analysis and experimental validation (in controlled and real deployed networks), we analyze and compare the specificity of exposure due to data transmissions in different configurations of fourth and fifth generation wireless fidelity (Wi-Fi) standards in the proximity of a mobile device. Measurements made use of the capability of the amplitude probability density incorporated in a real-time spectrum analyzer, proving its agility of highlighting different user exposure profiles. The results are presented comparatively and indicate that, in Wi-Fi networks, the modulation and coding scheme (MCS) should be used together with the duty cycle for an improved exposure assessment. The present work introduces the emitted energy density per bit in describing the user’s exposure to Wi-Fi signals and proves its superiority in characterizing the true levels of exposure for the IEEE 802.11n and 802.11ac standards of communication. View Full-Text
Keywords: radiofrequency exposure; Wi-Fi mobile device; amplitude probability density; modulation; incident energy density per bit radiofrequency exposure; Wi-Fi mobile device; amplitude probability density; modulation; incident energy density per bit
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sârbu, A.; Miclăuș, S.; Digulescu, A.; Bechet, P. Comparative Analysis of User Exposure to the Electromagnetic Radiation Emitted by the Fourth and Fifth Generations of Wi-Fi Communication Devices. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8837. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238837

AMA Style

Sârbu A, Miclăuș S, Digulescu A, Bechet P. Comparative Analysis of User Exposure to the Electromagnetic Radiation Emitted by the Fourth and Fifth Generations of Wi-Fi Communication Devices. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(23):8837. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238837

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sârbu, Annamaria, Simona Miclăuș, Angela Digulescu, and Paul Bechet. 2020. "Comparative Analysis of User Exposure to the Electromagnetic Radiation Emitted by the Fourth and Fifth Generations of Wi-Fi Communication Devices" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 23: 8837. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238837

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