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Open AccessArticle

Anthropometric Characteristics, Body Composition and Somatotype of Elite Male Young Runners

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Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of Granada, 52071 Melilla, Spain
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Department of Didactics of Musical, Plastic and Corporal Expression, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
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Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(2), 674; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020674
Received: 29 December 2019 / Revised: 10 January 2020 / Accepted: 19 January 2020 / Published: 20 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
The purpose of the present study was to describe the anthropometric characteristics, body composition and somatotype of elite male young runners (EYR), and to compare these variables according to the specialty in which they engaged (middle-distance vs. long-distance). This will enable an anthropometric profile chart to be established for them. Ninety EYR aged 17 to 23 years (18.4 ± 2.0) participated in the study. Athletes were divided into two groups according to the event in which they participated: middle-distance runners (MDR, n = 56) and long-distance runners (LDR, n = 34). Sixteen anthropometric variables were recorded for each participant: Weight, height, eight skinfolds, four girths, and two breadths. Body mass index (BMI), body composition and somatotype were calculated. Comparing MDR with the group of LDR, significant differences were found to exist for height, weight, relaxed upper arm girth, flexed and tensed upper arm girth, total upper arm area, upper arm muscle area, and thigh muscle area. No significant differences were observed in the other variables. MDR are taller, heavier and have larger girths than LDR. Coaches and sports scientists can use the data obtained to better control training, as well as for talent identification and athlete selection. View Full-Text
Keywords: anthropometry; body composition; somatotype; runners; youth anthropometry; body composition; somatotype; runners; youth
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Sánchez Muñoz, C.; Muros, J.J.; López Belmonte, Ó.; Zabala, M. Anthropometric Characteristics, Body Composition and Somatotype of Elite Male Young Runners. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 674.

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