Next Article in Journal
Characteristics and Distribution of Organic Phosphorus Fractions in the Surface Sediments of the Inflow Rivers around Hongze Lake, China
Previous Article in Journal
Evolution, Prehistory and Vitamin D
Open AccessReview

Menstrual Hygiene Preparedness Among Schools in India: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of System-and Policy-Level Actions

1
Researcher, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, 22100 Lund, Sweden
2
MAMTA Health Institute for Mother and Child, Delhi 110048, India
3
Public Health Consultant, Medeon Science Park, 21432 Malmö, Sweden
4
Centre for Translational Microbiome Research, Department of Microbiology, Tumor and Cell biology, Karolinska Institute, SciLifeLab, 17177 Stockholm (Solna), Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(2), 647; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020647
Received: 13 November 2019 / Revised: 1 January 2020 / Accepted: 7 January 2020 / Published: 19 January 2020
With increasing girls’ enrolment in schools, school preparedness to ensure a menstrual friendly environment is crucial. The study aimed to conduct a systematic review regarding the existing evidence on menstrual hygiene management (MHM) across schools in India. It further aimed to highlight the actions that have been taken by the government to improve the MHM situation in India. We conducted the systematic literature search using PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science for searching the peer-reviewed articles and Google Scholar for anecdotal reports published from inception until 30 October 2019. Of 1125 publications retrieved through the search, 183 papers were included in this review, using a priori created data-extraction form. Meta-analysis was used to estimate the pooled prevalence (PP) of MHM practices in schools. Less than half of the girls were aware of menstruation before menarche (PP 0.45, 0.39 to 0.51, I2 = 100.0%, n = 122). Teachers were a less common source of information about menstruation to girls (PP 0.07, 0.05 to 0.08, I2 = 100.0%, n = 86). Separate toilets for girls were present in around half of the schools (PP 0.56, 0.42 to 0.75, I2 100.0%, n = 11). MHM in schools should be strengthened with convergence between various departments for explicit implementation of guidelines. View Full-Text
Keywords: Adolescent; Education; Health; Hygiene; Sanitation Adolescent; Education; Health; Hygiene; Sanitation
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Sharma, S.; Mehra, D.; Brusselaers, N.; Mehra, S. Menstrual Hygiene Preparedness Among Schools in India: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of System-and Policy-Level Actions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 647.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop