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Article

Predicting Caregiver Burden in Informal Caregivers for the Elderly in Ecuador

1
Department of Health Sciences, University of Navarre, 31006 Pamplona, Spain
2
Department of Psychology, Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja, Loja 110107, Ecuador
3
Faculty of Sport Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, 28670 Villaviciosa de Odón, Spain
4
Grupo de Investigación en Cultura, Educación y Sociedad, Universidad de la Costa, Barranquilla 080002, Colombia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(19), 7338; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197338
Received: 1 September 2020 / Revised: 30 September 2020 / Accepted: 2 October 2020 / Published: 8 October 2020
Informal caregivers are the main providers of care for the elderly. The aim of this study is to examine the predictive value of different variables regarding caregivers and their elderly patients with respect to the caregiver’s burden. A convenience sample of 688 informal caregivers and 688 elderly people from Ecuador was surveyed. Only households with one caregiver and one elderly person were considered for the study. For informal caregivers, the following standardized measures were obtained: burden (Zarit Burden Interview), neuroticism (Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised-Abbreviated, EPQR-A), caregiver’s general health (GHQ-12), and social support (modified Duke-UNC Functional Social Support Questionnaire, FSSQ11). For the elderly, we employed standardized measures of cognitive function (short portable mental status questionnaire, SPMSQ), Pfeiffer’s test, and functional dependency (Barthel scale/Index, BI). Females were over-represented in caregiving and reported significantly higher burden levels than those of males. In both male and female caregivers, the burden was best predicted by the time of caring, neuroticism, and elderly cognitive impairment. However, some predictors of burden were weighted differently in males and females. The functional independence of the elderly was a significant predictor of burden for male caregivers but not females, while caregiver competence was a significant predictor for females but not males. These variables accounted for more than 88% of the variability in informal caregivers. View Full-Text
Keywords: stress; burden; informal caregivers; burden; elderly; gender differences; neuroticism; competence stress; burden; informal caregivers; burden; elderly; gender differences; neuroticism; competence
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ruisoto, P.; Ramírez, M.; Paladines-Costa, B.; Vaca, S.; Clemente-Suárez, V.J. Predicting Caregiver Burden in Informal Caregivers for the Elderly in Ecuador. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7338. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197338

AMA Style

Ruisoto P, Ramírez M, Paladines-Costa B, Vaca S, Clemente-Suárez VJ. Predicting Caregiver Burden in Informal Caregivers for the Elderly in Ecuador. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(19):7338. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197338

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ruisoto, Pablo, Marina Ramírez, Belén Paladines-Costa, Silvia Vaca, and Vicente J. Clemente-Suárez 2020. "Predicting Caregiver Burden in Informal Caregivers for the Elderly in Ecuador" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 19: 7338. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197338

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