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Vaccine Hesitancy among Master’s Degree Students in Nursing and Midwifery: Attitude and Knowledge about Influenza Vaccination

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Section of Hygiene, Woman and Child Health and Public Health, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, 00168 Rome, Italy
2
Woman and Child Health and Public Health, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, 00168 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(19), 7191; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197191
Received: 29 August 2020 / Revised: 27 September 2020 / Accepted: 29 September 2020 / Published: 1 October 2020
Influenza vaccination among healthcare workers may reduce morbidity and protect fragile patients. Most of the evidence concerning the vaccine hesitancy of healthcare workers reported lack of knowledge and wrong attitude. The aims of this study were to explore the knowledge and attitudes about influenza vaccination among master’s degree students in Nursing and Midwifery, and to evaluate the effectiveness of their involvement in the hospital vaccination campaign in order to increase intention to receive immunization. The students of nurses and midwives were involved in the vaccination sessions of the 2018–19 hospital campaign. They were recruited to complete an online survey. Students of the 2nd year (involved in the vaccination campaign) and the 1st year (not involved) were compared. Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed for data analysis. Students who intend to receive influenza vaccination in the following year registered a percentage of 83.6% and showed an overall attitude of 66.8%. The involvement of the students in the vaccination campaign led to a significant increase in their positive vaccination attitude (80.9% vs. 87.0%) and in their intention to receive flu vaccination in the following year (67.7% vs. 100%). A positive attitude towards vaccinations was observed by nurses and midwives. Their involvement in the planning and activities during the vaccination campaign could positively influence their opinions and intention to receive vaccination. View Full-Text
Keywords: nurses; midwives; students; influenza vaccination; attitude; survey; public health; preventive medicine nurses; midwives; students; influenza vaccination; attitude; survey; public health; preventive medicine
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Mellucci, C.; Tamburrano, A.; Cassano, F.; Galletti, C.; Sguera, A.; Damiani, G.; Laurenti, P. Vaccine Hesitancy among Master’s Degree Students in Nursing and Midwifery: Attitude and Knowledge about Influenza Vaccination. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7191.

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