Next Article in Journal
Association between Primary Healthcare and Medical Expenditures in a Context of Hospital-Oriented Healthcare System in China: A National Panel Dataset, 2012–2016
Previous Article in Journal
A Call for Leadership and Management Competency Development for Directors of Medical Services—Evidence from the Chinese Public Hospital System
Article

Clinical Application of Mindfulness-Oriented Meditation: A Preliminary Study in Children with ADHD

1
Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry Unit, Department of Neurological and Psychiatric Science, Bambino Gesù Children’s Hospital, 00165 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Languages and Literatures, Communication, Education and Society, University of Udine, 33100 Udine, Italy
3
Department of Life Science and Public Health, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, 00168 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(18), 6916; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186916
Received: 19 August 2020 / Revised: 12 September 2020 / Accepted: 18 September 2020 / Published: 22 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Children's Health)
Mindfulness-oriented meditation (MOM) is a self-regulatory training used for attentional and behavioral problems. With its focus on attention, MOM is a promising form of training that is gaining empirical support as a complementary or alternative intervention for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In this study, we tested the preliminary efficacy of MOM training in children with ADHD, by comparing its efficacy with an active control condition (Emotion Education Program, EEP). Twenty-five children with ADHD aged 7–11 years participated in MOM training (n = 15) or EEP (n = 10) 3 times per week for 8 weeks. Neuropsychological and academic measures and behavioral, emotional, and mindfulness ratings were collected before and after the two programs. On average, MOM training had positive effects on neuropsychological measures, as evidenced by a significant mean improvement in all outcome measures after training. Moreover, positive effects on ADHD symptoms were found only in the MOM group. Although they are preliminary, our results documented that MOM training promotes changes in neuropsychological measures and in certain behavioral symptoms, suggesting it as a promising tool for ameliorating cognitive and clinical manifestations of ADHD. View Full-Text
Keywords: mindfulness meditation; attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder; neurodevelopmental disorders; neuropsychological measures mindfulness meditation; attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder; neurodevelopmental disorders; neuropsychological measures
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Santonastaso, O.; Zaccari, V.; Crescentini, C.; Fabbro, F.; Capurso, V.; Vicari, S.; Menghini, D. Clinical Application of Mindfulness-Oriented Meditation: A Preliminary Study in Children with ADHD. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6916. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186916

AMA Style

Santonastaso O, Zaccari V, Crescentini C, Fabbro F, Capurso V, Vicari S, Menghini D. Clinical Application of Mindfulness-Oriented Meditation: A Preliminary Study in Children with ADHD. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(18):6916. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186916

Chicago/Turabian Style

Santonastaso, Ornella, Vittoria Zaccari, Cristiano Crescentini, Franco Fabbro, Viviana Capurso, Stefano Vicari, and Deny Menghini. 2020. "Clinical Application of Mindfulness-Oriented Meditation: A Preliminary Study in Children with ADHD" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 18: 6916. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186916

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop