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Open AccessArticle

Disordered Eating Attitudes, Anxiety, Self-Esteem and Perfectionism in Young Athletes and Non-Athletes

1
Research Group Planning and Assessment of Training and Athletic Performance, Faculty of Education, Pontifical University of Salamanca, Calle Henry Collet, 52-70, 37007 Salamanca, Spain
2
Department of Evolutionary and Educational Psychology, Faculty of Science Education and Sport, University of Granada, Calle Santander, N° 1, 52071 Melilla, Spain
3
Department of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Medicine, University of Almeria, Carretera Sacramento, S/N, La Cañada de San Urbano, 04120 Almería, Spain
4
Department of Psychology, University of Almeria, Carretera Sacramento, S/N, La Cañada de San Urbano, 04120 Almería, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(18), 6754; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186754
Received: 30 July 2020 / Revised: 29 August 2020 / Accepted: 15 September 2020 / Published: 16 September 2020
Eating disorders are associated with short and long-term consequences that can affect sports performance. The purposes of this study were to investigate whether female athletes, particularly gymnasts and footballers, exhibit more eating problems compared to female non-athletes, and to identify individual personality characteristics including anxiety, self-esteem, and perfectionism as possible contributors to eating disorder risk. In a sample of 120 participants, 80 adolescent female athletes were compared to a control condition of 40 non-athletes (mean age 17.2 ± 2.82). Participants responded to a questionnaire package to investigate the presence of disordered eating (SCOFF) and psychological variables in relation to disordered eating symptoms or eating disorder status. Subsequently, anthropometric measures were obtained individually by trained staff. There were statistically significant differences between conditions. One of the most important results was the score in SCOFF (Mann–Whitney = 604, p < 0.05; Cohen’s d = 0.52, r = 0.25), being higher in control than in the gymnast condition. These results suggest that non-athlete female adolescents show more disturbed eating behaviours and thoughts than female adolescents from aesthetic sport modalities and, therefore, may have an enhanced risk of developing clinical eating disorders. View Full-Text
Keywords: eating disorders; prevention; psychological factors; athletes; non-athletes; gymnasts; footballers eating disorders; prevention; psychological factors; athletes; non-athletes; gymnasts; footballers
MDPI and ACS Style

Petisco-Rodríguez, C.; Sánchez-Sánchez, L.C.; Fernández-García, R.; Sánchez-Sánchez, J.; García-Montes, J.M. Disordered Eating Attitudes, Anxiety, Self-Esteem and Perfectionism in Young Athletes and Non-Athletes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6754.

AMA Style

Petisco-Rodríguez C, Sánchez-Sánchez LC, Fernández-García R, Sánchez-Sánchez J, García-Montes JM. Disordered Eating Attitudes, Anxiety, Self-Esteem and Perfectionism in Young Athletes and Non-Athletes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(18):6754.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Petisco-Rodríguez, Cristina; Sánchez-Sánchez, Laura C.; Fernández-García, Rubén; Sánchez-Sánchez, Javier; García-Montes, José M. 2020. "Disordered Eating Attitudes, Anxiety, Self-Esteem and Perfectionism in Young Athletes and Non-Athletes" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 18: 6754.

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