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Lysenko and the Screwworm Fly—When Politics Interferes with Science and Public Health

1
Departamento de Microbiologia, Imunologia e Parasitologia, Centro de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis 88040-900, Brazil
2
Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Pisa, via del Borghetto 80, 56124 Pisa, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(18), 6687; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186687
Received: 16 August 2020 / Revised: 5 September 2020 / Accepted: 12 September 2020 / Published: 14 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Global Health: An Unique and Comprehensive Perspective)
In the One Health scenario, a deep understanding of the dynamics potentially threatening the development and implementation of useful pest and vector management tools is of key importance. The New World screwworm fly, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel) (Diptera: Calliphoridae), is characterized by a wide host range. It acts as an important agent of myiasis in humans and warm-blooded animals in the Neotropics, and has been eliminated from a wide region through genetic methods. Of note, Serebrovsky had already proposed in 1940 the principles of autocidal control by the translocation of segments between two chromosomes, but his work was negated by Lysenko, based on the negation of Mendelian genetics. This entomological case study emphasizes the danger of politics interfering with science, a still contemporary hot issue. The negation of global warming or current pandemics are further examples of this noxious influence. View Full-Text
Keywords: blowflies; Calliphoridae; Cochliomyia hominivorax; eradication; genetic control; myiasis; sterile insect technique (SIT) blowflies; Calliphoridae; Cochliomyia hominivorax; eradication; genetic control; myiasis; sterile insect technique (SIT)
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Brisola Marcondes, C.; Canale, A.; Benelli, G. Lysenko and the Screwworm Fly—When Politics Interferes with Science and Public Health. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6687.

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