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Article

Risk and Protective Factors of Well-Being among Healthcare Staff. A Thematic Analysis

Department of Human Sciences, University of Verona, 37129 Verona, Italy
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(18), 6651; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186651
Received: 6 August 2020 / Revised: 4 September 2020 / Accepted: 10 September 2020 / Published: 12 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Healthy Working Conditions for Healthcare Staff)
The purpose of this study was to identify physical and psychosocial working conditions to improve well-being at work among healthcare staff. This is a potent area of inquiry given the relationship between healthcare staff well-being and service quality and other key organizational characteristics. However, while numerous studies in this area have used a quantitative methodology, very few have applied qualitative methodologies gathering subjective descriptions of the sources of well-being, providing in so doing significant data to explore in depth the factors that influence well-being in healthcare systems. We gathered qualitative data analyzing open-ended questions about risk and protective factors of well-being at work. The sample was made of 795 professionals answering an online questionnaire. Answers were coded and analyzed using the thematic analysis with an inductive approach (data-driven). We identified four themes strongly affecting professional well-being in health-care staff: Interactions, Working Conditions, Emotional Responses to Work, and Competence and Professional Growth. Our findings suggest possible strategies and actions that may be effective in helping to calibrate case-specific support and monitoring interventions to improve health and well-being of healthcare staff. We also discuss the implications of the study and suggest possible avenues for future empirical research. View Full-Text
Keywords: well-being; educators in residential care; nurses; thematic analysis well-being; educators in residential care; nurses; thematic analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Berlanda, S.; de Cordova, F.; Fraizzoli, M.; Pedrazza, M. Risk and Protective Factors of Well-Being among Healthcare Staff. A Thematic Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6651. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186651

AMA Style

Berlanda S, de Cordova F, Fraizzoli M, Pedrazza M. Risk and Protective Factors of Well-Being among Healthcare Staff. A Thematic Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(18):6651. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186651

Chicago/Turabian Style

Berlanda, Sabrina, Federica de Cordova, Marta Fraizzoli, and Monica Pedrazza. 2020. "Risk and Protective Factors of Well-Being among Healthcare Staff. A Thematic Analysis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 18: 6651. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186651

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