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Open AccessArticle

Engaging Youth in Placemaking: Modified Behavior Mapping

Landscape Architecture Division, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73069, USA
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(18), 6527;
Received: 15 July 2020 / Revised: 2 September 2020 / Accepted: 3 September 2020 / Published: 8 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Children's Health)
Typically excluded from conversations about place, youth are becoming recognized as agents of change in placemaking. This article explores adapting a quantitative research method, behavior mapping, into a more youth-friendly qualitative participatory action research (PAR) method for placemaking projects, namely modified behavior mapping (MBM). The goal of MBM is to instigate placemaking conversations with youth with an understanding of an aspect of the lived experience of place and existing behavior. Sites are divided into observation zones, and youth are led through the zones by a trained facilitator. Like the quantitative method, MBM requires a list of behaviors of interest and a basemap. Behaviors are organized into groups on an observation sheet in a youth-friendly checklist format. A new checklist is printed for each observation zone. Basemaps can be an aerial photo or a downloaded map; however, creating a basemap by taking measurements will create science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) learning opportunities. While in the observation zone, youth check the behaviors observed. Unlike the quantitative method, MBM does not require strict data collection protocols or a statistical analysis which makes the method more youth-friendly. Instead, MBM affords an opportunity for youth to reflect on their use of space and on others’ use of space. Results are disseminated through focus group discussions in order to create design programs or designs of place. View Full-Text
Keywords: participatory action research; PAR; children; behaviour mapping; behavioural mapping participatory action research; PAR; children; behaviour mapping; behavioural mapping
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Little, S. Engaging Youth in Placemaking: Modified Behavior Mapping. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6527.

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