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Article

Assessment of Mental Health Factors among Health Professionals Depending on Their Contact with COVID-19 Patients

Department of Medical Rehabilitation and Clinical Physiotherapy, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, 71-210 Szczecin, Poland
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(16), 5849; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165849
Received: 13 July 2020 / Revised: 3 August 2020 / Accepted: 11 August 2020 / Published: 12 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue COVID-19: A Public Health Approach for Health Professionals)
It seems that the medical personnel in contact with patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 are at an especially high risk of adverse psychological effects. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the mental health factors among healthcare workers by quantifying the severity of anxiety, depression, and sleep disorders during the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, while taking into account coexisting diseases. The study involved 441 healthcare professionals including 206 healthcare workers at emergency wards, infectious wards, and intensive care units. The control group consisted of 235 healthcare workers working in wards other than those where individuals from the study group worked. Regression adjusted by age, gender, the occurrence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, asthma, autoimmune diseases, and cigarette smoking showed the elevated risk of anxiety on the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) scale (OR = 1.934; p < 0.001), depression on the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) scale (OR = 2.623; p < 0.001), and sleep disorders on the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) scale (OR = 3.078; p < 0.001). Our study showed that healthcare workers who are exposed to SARS-CoV-2-infected patients at emergency wards, infectious wards, and intensive care units are at a much higher risk of showing symptoms of anxiety, depression, and sleep disorders than healthcare workers working in other wards. View Full-Text
Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ), Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ), Insomnia Severity Index (ISI)
MDPI and ACS Style

Wańkowicz, P.; Szylińska, A.; Rotter, I. Assessment of Mental Health Factors among Health Professionals Depending on Their Contact with COVID-19 Patients. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5849. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165849

AMA Style

Wańkowicz P, Szylińska A, Rotter I. Assessment of Mental Health Factors among Health Professionals Depending on Their Contact with COVID-19 Patients. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(16):5849. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165849

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wańkowicz, Paweł, Aleksandra Szylińska, and Iwona Rotter. 2020. "Assessment of Mental Health Factors among Health Professionals Depending on Their Contact with COVID-19 Patients" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 16: 5849. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165849

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