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Open AccessArticle

Implementing Mental Health Promotion Initiatives—Process Evaluation of the ABCs of Mental Health in Denmark

1
The Danish National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Studiestraede 6, 1455 Copenhagen, Denmark
2
Department of Psychology, University of Copenhagen, Oester Farimagsgade 2A, 1353 Copenhagen, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(16), 5819; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165819
Received: 3 July 2020 / Revised: 5 August 2020 / Accepted: 6 August 2020 / Published: 11 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Mental Health)
Treatment and prevention alone are unlikely to make a significant difference in reducing the burden of poor mental health and mental illness. Therefore, mental health promotion (MHP) initiatives are advocated. In 2014, the ABCs of mental health (ABCs) partnership was established in Denmark; in the partnership, partner organisations, e.g., municipalities and NGOs, use a research-based framework for MHP, the ABC-framework, to develop and implement MHP initiatives. This paper has two aims: (1) to outline the overall characteristics of these MHP initiatives; and (2) to explore local coordinator and stakeholder perceptions of the implementation processes and the impact of the MHP initiatives. Questionnaire surveys, individual interviews and group interviews were conducted during 2017–2020. The MHP initiatives were grouped according to three strategies: building MHP capacity, campaign activities to promote mental health awareness and knowledge and establishing and promoting opportunities to engage in mentally healthy activities. The ABC-framework was positively received and viewed as providing relevant knowledge for working with MHP as well as fostering intersectoral and interprofessional collaborations. However, using a bottom-up approach to develop and implement MHP initiatives can be time-consuming and resource demanding, and it requires a deliberate balancing of local adaptability and concrete guidance when engaging stakeholders and implementers. Overall, using the ABC-framework to develop and implement MHP initiatives holds great promise for advancing and promoting MHP practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: mental health promotion; well-being; salutogenesis; implementation; partnership; process evaluation; mixed methods mental health promotion; well-being; salutogenesis; implementation; partnership; process evaluation; mixed methods
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hinrichsen, C.; Koushede, V.J.; Madsen, K.R.; Nielsen, L.; Ahlmark, N.G.; Santini, Z.I.; Meilstrup, C. Implementing Mental Health Promotion Initiatives—Process Evaluation of the ABCs of Mental Health in Denmark. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5819. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165819

AMA Style

Hinrichsen C, Koushede VJ, Madsen KR, Nielsen L, Ahlmark NG, Santini ZI, Meilstrup C. Implementing Mental Health Promotion Initiatives—Process Evaluation of the ABCs of Mental Health in Denmark. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(16):5819. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165819

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hinrichsen, Carsten; Koushede, Vibeke J.; Madsen, Katrine R.; Nielsen, Line; Ahlmark, Nanna G.; Santini, Ziggi I.; Meilstrup, Charlotte. 2020. "Implementing Mental Health Promotion Initiatives—Process Evaluation of the ABCs of Mental Health in Denmark" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 16: 5819. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165819

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