Perspectives Emerged from Students and Supervisory Staff Interaction in Drug Use Prevention: A Q Methodology Investigation
Institute of Clinical Nursing, School of Nursing, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei 112, Taiwan
Institute of Population Health Sciences, National Health Research Institutes, Miaoli 350, Taiwan
Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei 112, Taiwan
Department of Radio, Television & Film, Shih Hsin University, Taipei 116, Taiwan
Department of Health Promotion and Health Education, College of Education, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei 106, Taiwan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(15), 5621; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155621
Received: 16 June 2020 / Revised: 25 July 2020 / Accepted: 29 July 2020 / Published: 4 August 2020
This study aims to identify and describe the patterns of shared perspectives of students and supervisory staff associated with their interaction in drug use prevention. We applied the Q methodology to cluster participants into groups according to the similarities of their Q sorts. A total of 31 pairs of students and their supervisory staff participated in the study to rank the designed Q statements. The Q factor analysis for supervisory staff revealed a five-factor solution that accounted for 58% of the total variance. Another five-factor solution for the students explained 49% of the total variance. One similarity between the groups was the need to enhance the involvement of significant others to help the students quit drugs. A major identified difference between the groups was that whereas the students highlighted the importance of health consequences of drug use in helping them stop use, the supervisory staff did not. The elucidation of similarities and differences between supervisory staff and students could offer more insightful strategies of preventing the drug use.