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Open AccessArticle

Smoking and Mental Illness: Prevalence, Patterns and Correlates of Smoking and Smoking Cessation among Psychiatric Patients

1
Research Division, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore 539747, Singapore
2
Early Psychosis Intervention Programme, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore 539747, Singapore
3
Department of Mood and Anxiety, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore 539747, Singapore
4
Developmental Psychiatry, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore 539747, Singapore
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(15), 5571; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155571
Received: 24 June 2020 / Revised: 22 July 2020 / Accepted: 29 July 2020 / Published: 1 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Mental Health)
This study aims to understand (a) the prevalence and correlates of smoking in a psychiatric population, (b) factors that encourage smoking cessation, and (c) awareness towards cessation programmes. This study captured data (n = 380) through a modified version of the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS). A descriptive analysis of the data was performed. The prevalence of smoking was 39.5% (n = 150) and 52.3% of the smokers were dependent on nicotine. More than half of the smokers had made at least one attempt to quit in the past 12 months and 56% reported no immediate plans to quit smoking. The awareness towards institutional smoking cessation programmes was fair (44%), with 49.7% of smokers having indicated that they were willing to use the service upon referral. Smokers endorsed that increasing the cost of cigarettes, restricting availability, and increasing knowledge of health harms could encourage smoking cessation. Past smokers reported that self-determination/willpower followed by substitution of smoking with other types of foods and drinks were factors that helped them achieve successful cessation. Given that the readiness to quit and awareness towards cessation programmes are low among the smokers, concerted efforts through educational programmes and policy changes are crucial to achieve successful cessation. View Full-Text
Keywords: smoking cessation; electronic nicotine delivery systems; smokers; past smokers smoking cessation; electronic nicotine delivery systems; smokers; past smokers
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Asharani, P.V.; Ling Seet, V.A.; Abdin, E.; Siva Kumar, F.D.; Wang, P.; Roystonn, K.; Lee, Y.Y.; Cetty, L.; Teh, W.L.; Verma, S.; Mok, Y.M.; Fung, D.S.S.; Chong, S.A.; Subramaniam, M. Smoking and Mental Illness: Prevalence, Patterns and Correlates of Smoking and Smoking Cessation among Psychiatric Patients. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5571.

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