Next Article in Journal
Experience of Basic Life Support among King Khalid University Health Profession Students, Southwestern Saudi Arabia
Previous Article in Journal
Self-Control Moderates the Association Between Perceived Severity of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and Mental Health Problems Among the Chinese Public
Open AccessArticle

Associations between Weight Status and Situational Motivation toward Fitness Testing in Physical Education: The Mediator Role of Physical Fitness

1
GALENO Research Group, Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Education Sciences, University of Cadiz, 11519 Puerto Real, Spain
2
Biomedical Research and Innovation Institute of Cadiz (INiBICA) Research Unit, 11510 Cádiz, Spain
3
Faculty of Sport Science, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
4
Department of Sport and Computer Science, Pablo de Olavide University, 41013 Seville, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(13), 4821; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134821
Received: 4 June 2020 / Revised: 1 July 2020 / Accepted: 2 July 2020 / Published: 4 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Well-Being in the School Setting)
Background: This article examines the differences in situational motivation toward fitness testing in physical education classes between non-overweight and overweight students, as well as the mediator effect of objective and perceived physical fitness on the relationship between weight status and motivation toward fitness testing. Methods: A total of 534 adolescents (298 boys, 55.80%) participated in the study. Perceived physical fitness and situational motivation toward fitness testing were measured through questionnaires, whereas weight status and physical fitness were objectively measured. Results: Overweight students had lower intrinsic motivation (p < 0.001), and higher external regulation (p < 0.01) and amotivation (p < 0.05) during fitness testing in a physical education class than their non-overweight peers. The influence of being overweight on motivation regulations toward fitness testing was mediated by objective physical fitness level for intrinsic motivation (B = −0.140), external regulation (B = 0.104) and amotivation (B = 0.146). Perceived physical fitness was also used as a second mediator between weight status and intrinsic motivation (B = −0.117). Conclusions: Strategies to improve objective and perceived physical fitness in overweight students are necessary to increase self-determined motivation during fitness testing in physical education lesson. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; cardiorespiratory fitness; muscular fitness; mediating role; school; self-determination theory obesity; cardiorespiratory fitness; muscular fitness; mediating role; school; self-determination theory
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Grao-Cruces, A.; Racero-García, A.; Sánchez-Oliva, D.; Blanco-Luengo, D.; Nuviala, A.; García-Calvo, T. Associations between Weight Status and Situational Motivation toward Fitness Testing in Physical Education: The Mediator Role of Physical Fitness. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4821.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop