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Open AccessArticle

Until Death Do Us Part. The Influence of Own and Partner’s Socioeconomic Status on the Health of Spanish Middle-Aged Population

by Jordi Gumà 1,2,* and Jeroen Spijker 3
1
Department of Political and Social Sciences, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, 08005 Barcelona, Spain
2
Sociodemography Research Group (DEMOSOC), Universitat Pompeu Fabra, 08005 Barcelona, Spain
3
Centre for Demographic Studies, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(13), 4644; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134644
Received: 22 May 2020 / Revised: 23 June 2020 / Accepted: 26 June 2020 / Published: 28 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
Objectives: To explore whether the influence of a partner’s socioeconomic status (SES) on health has an additive or a combined effect with the ego’s SES. Methods: With data on 4533 middle-aged (30–59) different-sex couples from the 2012 Spanish sample of the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) survey, we apply separate sex-specific logistic regression models to calculate predicted probabilities of having less than good self-perceived health according to individual and partner’s characteristics separately and combined. Results: Both approaches led to similar results: Having a partner with better SES reduces the probabilities of not having good health. However, the combined approach is more precise in disentangling SES effects. For instance, having a higher educated partner only benefits health among Spanish low-educated men, while men’s health is worse if they have a working spouse. Conversely, women’s health is positively influenced if at least one couple member is economically active. Conclusions: There are significant health differences between individuals according to their own and their partner’s SES in an apparently advantageous population group (i.e., individuals living with a partner). The combinative approach permits obtaining more precise couple-specific SES profiles. View Full-Text
Keywords: partner; self-reported health; socio-economic status; sex differences; EU-SILC; Spain partner; self-reported health; socio-economic status; sex differences; EU-SILC; Spain
MDPI and ACS Style

Gumà, J.; Spijker, J. Until Death Do Us Part. The Influence of Own and Partner’s Socioeconomic Status on the Health of Spanish Middle-Aged Population. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4644.

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