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Open AccessArticle

Therapists’ Experiences of Psychodynamic Therapy with and without Transference Interventions for Adolescents with Depression

1
Department of Psychology, University of Oslo, Pb. 1094 Blindern, 0317 Oslo, Norway
2
Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, 0318 Oslo, Norway
3
Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Oslo University Hospital, 0407 Oslo, Norway
4
Department of Psychiatry, Diakonhjemmet Hospital, Diakonveien 12, 0370 Oslo, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(13), 4628; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134628
Received: 12 March 2020 / Revised: 19 June 2020 / Accepted: 23 June 2020 / Published: 27 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ingredients for a Sustainable Wholesome Network in Mental Health)
Psychodynamic therapy is an effective treatment for depression. However, a large number of adolescent patients with depression do not respond and/or drop out of therapy and little is known about what therapists actually do in therapy with adolescents. Thus, more research is needed to explore the various actions that therapists do in therapy, so that therapists can tailor their therapy more specifically to each individual adolescent. The present study aimed to investigate how the experience of psychotherapists differs between two treatment modes for adolescents with depression: psychodynamic psychotherapy with and without transference interventions. In-depth interviews were conducted with six therapists. The data, which were analyzed using thematic analysis, generated three key themes: (1) The therapists experienced that transference interventions are often useful in therapies with adolescents with depression, (2) therapies without transference interventions can be challenging for therapists, but still helpful for patients, and (3) the experience contributed to the deepening recognition of therapists that they always need to adapt their techniques to the particular patient. The results enhance our knowledge of the significance of therapists’ actions in therapy with adolescents. The therapists highlighted issues that are important for identifying barriers to incorporating new knowledge into clinical practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: psychodynamic psychotherapy; adolescent therapy; depression; qualitative methods; therapist interviews psychodynamic psychotherapy; adolescent therapy; depression; qualitative methods; therapist interviews
MDPI and ACS Style

Jones, M.; Råbu, M.; Røssberg, J.I.; Ulberg, R. Therapists’ Experiences of Psychodynamic Therapy with and without Transference Interventions for Adolescents with Depression. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4628.

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