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Article

Oral Health Attitudes among Preclinical and Clinical Dental Students in Germany

1
Clinic for Conservative Dentistry and Periodontology, School of Dental Medicine, Christian Albrechts-University of Kiel, Arnold-Heller-Str. 3, Haus B, 24105 Kiel, Germany
2
Department of Cranio Maxillofacial Surgery, Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Germany, Klinik Str. 33, 35392 Giessen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(12), 4253; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124253
Received: 17 May 2020 / Revised: 4 June 2020 / Accepted: 9 June 2020 / Published: 15 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Oral and Dental Health)
Oral health care providers are expected to show good examples of oral health behaviours and attitudes to their community. Previous studies displayed the constructive effect of dental education on oral hygiene manners of undergraduate students. The aim of this survey was to assess and compare aspects of oral health attitudes and behaviours between preclinical and clinical dental students in German universities. The German-language version of the HU-DBI was distributed to preclinical and clinical students from different German universities. Dichotomized (agree/disagree) responses to 20 HU-DBI items were provided in this study, with a maximum possible score of 19. A quantitative estimate of oral health attitudes and behaviours was provided by the total of appropriate answers given to every statement by each group. Data were analysed statistically. The overall mean score of answers favouring good oral hygiene was marginally higher in preclinical (14.62) than clinical students (14.31) but showed no statistical significance. Similarly, the analysis of each item individually displayed no statistically significant differences between preclinical and clinical participants, except in a single item of the survey. This study showed no effective differences in oral hygiene attitudes and behaviour between preclinical and clinical students in German universities. This reveals a weak effect of dental education on improving students’ oral health attitudes in Germany and might demand the introduction of more courses emphasizing the importance of correct oral health behaviour of health care providers. View Full-Text
Keywords: oral health attitudes; dental students; Germany; oral hygiene oral health attitudes; dental students; Germany; oral hygiene
MDPI and ACS Style

Mekhemar, M.; Conrad, J.; Attia, S.; Dörfer, C. Oral Health Attitudes among Preclinical and Clinical Dental Students in Germany. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4253. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124253

AMA Style

Mekhemar M, Conrad J, Attia S, Dörfer C. Oral Health Attitudes among Preclinical and Clinical Dental Students in Germany. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(12):4253. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124253

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mekhemar, Mohamed, Jonas Conrad, Sameh Attia, and Christof Dörfer. 2020. "Oral Health Attitudes among Preclinical and Clinical Dental Students in Germany" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 12: 4253. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124253

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