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“You Need ID to Get ID”: A Scoping Review of Personal Identification as a Barrier to and Facilitator of the Social Determinants of Health in North America

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Department of Sociology, Lakehead University, 955 Oliver Road, Thunder Bay, ON P7B 5E1, Canada
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Indigenous Studies, Lakehead University, 955 Oliver Road, Thunder Bay, ON P7B 5E1, Canada
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Department of Population Medicine, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road E., Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
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Social Justice Studies, Lakehead University, 955 Oliver Road, Thunder Bay, ON P7B 5E1, Canada
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School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(12), 4227; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124227
Received: 29 April 2020 / Revised: 1 June 2020 / Accepted: 11 June 2020 / Published: 13 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Rural Health Disparities 2020)
Personal identification (PID) is an important, if often overlooked, barrier to accessing the social determinants of health for many marginalized people in society. A scoping review was undertaken to explore the range of research addressing the role of PID in the social determinants of health in North America, barriers to acquiring and maintaining PID, and to identify gaps in the existing research. A systematic search of academic and gray literature was performed, and a thematic analysis of the included studies (n = 31) was conducted. The themes identified were: (1) gaining and retaining identification, (2) access to health and social services, and (3) facilitating identification programs. The findings suggest a paucity of research on PID services and the role of PID in the social determinants of health. We contend that research is urgently required to build a more robust understanding of existing PID service models, particularly in rural contexts, as well as on barriers to accessing and maintaining PID, especially among the most marginalized groups in society. View Full-Text
Keywords: North America; personal identification; rural; scoping review; social determinants; urban North America; personal identification; rural; scoping review; social determinants; urban
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Sanders, C.; Burnett, K.; Lam, S.; Hassan, M.; Skinner, K. “You Need ID to Get ID”: A Scoping Review of Personal Identification as a Barrier to and Facilitator of the Social Determinants of Health in North America. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4227.

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