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Open AccessArticle

Depression and Anxiety in Hong Kong during COVID-19

1
School of Nursing, LKS Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
2
Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
3
Department of Family Medicine and Primary Care, LKS Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
4
Department of Pharmacology and Pharmacy, LKS Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3740; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103740
Received: 7 May 2020 / Revised: 19 May 2020 / Accepted: 21 May 2020 / Published: 25 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mental Health in the Time of COVID-19)
It has been three months since the first confirmed case of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Hong Kong, and people now have a more complete picture of the extent of the pandemic. Therefore, it is time to evaluate the impacts of COVID-19 on mental health. The current population-based study aimed to evaluate the depression and anxiety of people in Hong Kong during the COVID-19 pandemic. Respondents were randomly recruited and asked to complete a structured questionnaire, including the patient health questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), the generalized anxiety disorder-7 (GAD-7), the global rating of change scale and items related to COVID-19. Of the 500 respondents included in the study, 19% had depression (PHQ-9 score ≥ 10) and 14% had anxiety (GAD score ≥ 10). In addition, 25.4% reported that their mental health had deteriorated since the pandemic. Multiple logistic regression analysis found that not experiencing the SARS outbreak in 2003, being worried about being infected by COVID-19, being bothered by having not enough surgical masks and being bothered by not being able to work from home were associated with a poorer mental health status. Psychological support, such as brief, home-based psychological interventions, should be provided to citizens during the pandemic. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; depression; anxiety; mental health; Hong Kong COVID-19; depression; anxiety; mental health; Hong Kong
MDPI and ACS Style

Choi, E.P.H.; Hui, B.P.H.; Wan, E.Y.F. Depression and Anxiety in Hong Kong during COVID-19. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3740. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103740

AMA Style

Choi EPH, Hui BPH, Wan EYF. Depression and Anxiety in Hong Kong during COVID-19. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(10):3740. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103740

Chicago/Turabian Style

Choi, Edmond P.H.; Hui, Bryant P.H.; Wan, Eric Y.F. 2020. "Depression and Anxiety in Hong Kong during COVID-19" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 10: 3740. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103740

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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