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Article

Effectiveness of A Pilates Training Program on Cognitive and Functional Abilities in Postmenopausal Women

1
Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Jaén, 23071 Jaén, Spain
2
Department of Teaching Physical Education, Fine Arts and Music, University of Cádiz, 11003 Cádiz, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3580; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103580
Received: 4 May 2020 / Revised: 18 May 2020 / Accepted: 18 May 2020 / Published: 20 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sedentary Behaviour and Women’s Health)
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a Pilates exercises program on the cognitive and physical functioning of older Spanish women. This study is a randomized clinical trial; a total of 110 women aged ≥60 years were initially allocated to either a Pilates group (PG, n = 55), who underwent a 12-week Pilates exercise program, or to a control group (CG, n = 55), who did not receive any intervention. Global cognitive function (Mini-Mental State Examination), verbal fluency (Isaacs test), executive function (Trail Making Test), functional flexibility (Back Scratch Test and Chair Sit-and-Reach Test), and lower-body strength (30 s Chair-Stand Test) were assessed before and immediately after the intervention period. The main findings of this study suggest that women in the PG (within-group differences) experienced improvements across all the variables examined except for global cognitive function. When compared with the CG (between-group differences), our analysis revealed significant benefits in the PG for all measures except for global cognitive function and functional flexibility (Back Scratch Test). In conclusion, our results suggest that Pilates has the potential to improve both cognitive and functional abilities among Spanish women aged 60 years and over. View Full-Text
Keywords: cognitive performance; functional skills; older women; Pilates cognitive performance; functional skills; older women; Pilates
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MDPI and ACS Style

García-Garro, P.A.; Hita-Contreras, F.; Martínez-Amat, A.; Achalandabaso-Ochoa, A.; Jiménez-García, J.D.; Cruz-Díaz, D.; Aibar-Almazán, A. Effectiveness of A Pilates Training Program on Cognitive and Functional Abilities in Postmenopausal Women. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3580. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103580

AMA Style

García-Garro PA, Hita-Contreras F, Martínez-Amat A, Achalandabaso-Ochoa A, Jiménez-García JD, Cruz-Díaz D, Aibar-Almazán A. Effectiveness of A Pilates Training Program on Cognitive and Functional Abilities in Postmenopausal Women. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(10):3580. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103580

Chicago/Turabian Style

García-Garro, Patricia A., Fidel Hita-Contreras, Antonio Martínez-Amat, Alexander Achalandabaso-Ochoa, José D. Jiménez-García, David Cruz-Díaz, and Agustín Aibar-Almazán. 2020. "Effectiveness of A Pilates Training Program on Cognitive and Functional Abilities in Postmenopausal Women" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 10: 3580. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103580

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