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Open AccessArticle

Transcultural Adaptation and Piloting of the “Regarding Blood-Sampling Practices at Primary Health Care Centres” Questionnaire

1
Andalusian Public Foundation for the Biomedical Research in Malaga (FIMABIS), Nursing Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Regional Universitario, 29010 Málaga, Spain
2
Hospital Virgen de la Bella. Lepe, 21440 Huelva, Spain
3
Andalusian Health Service, Health Sciences Doctorate School, University of Huelva, 21007 Huelva, Spain
4
Faculty of Social Work, Department of Sociology, Social Work and Public Health, University of Huelva, 21007 Huelva, Spain
5
Safety and Health Postgraduate Programme, Universidad Espíritu Santo, Guayaquil 091650, Ecuador
6
Faculty of Nursing, Department of Nursing, University of Huelva, 21071 Huelva, Spain
7
Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Málaga (IBIMA), Nursing and Podiatry Department, Health Sciences School, University of Málaga, 29010 Málaga, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors share the corresponding author position.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3541; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103541
Received: 30 April 2020 / Revised: 12 May 2020 / Accepted: 13 May 2020 / Published: 19 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nursing Research)
Preanalytical errors account for up to 70% of the total potentially detectable errors in the laboratory. The main problems detected are related with procedures associated with Primary Care nursing practices that are directly involved in the preanalytical phase. The objective of this study is to carry out a transcultural adaptation and piloting of the “Regarding Blood-Sampling Practices at Primary Health Care Centres” questionnaire as regards blood sampling in Primary Care. For this, a cross-sectional descriptive study has been developed within the Primary Care area of the Andalusian Public Health System. The venous blood sampling questionnaire was translated into and adapted to Spanish by qualified professionals and expert translators. The questionnaires were then delivered to all staff nurses from the health districts involved. The total sample consisted of 224 primary care nursing professionals. The factors that showed statistically significant relationships were identification and sample collection, management with information search, storage and labelling of samples, and reporting of errors. A lack of global relationship between factors makes it impossible to find a global quality factor in the sampling process. The process of translation, adaptation, and piloting of the questionnaire from its original version to the Spanish one has proven to be understandable by professionals in its entirety and to offer data similar to the original version. View Full-Text
Keywords: nursing methodology research; preanalytical errors; blood sampling; nursing; primary care; transcultural adaptation nursing methodology research; preanalytical errors; blood sampling; nursing; primary care; transcultural adaptation
MDPI and ACS Style

Romero-Arana, A.; Prieto-Callejero, B.; Fagundo-Rivera, J.; Gómez-Salgado, J.; Romero-Martín, M.; Ruiz-Frutos, C.; Romero, A. Transcultural Adaptation and Piloting of the “Regarding Blood-Sampling Practices at Primary Health Care Centres” Questionnaire. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3541.

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