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Gender Identity: The Human Right of Depathologization

1
Faculty of Nursing N. S. Candelaria, University of La Laguna, Canary Islands Public Health Service, 38010 Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
2
Faculty of Psychology, University of La Laguna, 38071 Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(6), 978; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16060978
Received: 17 February 2019 / Revised: 11 March 2019 / Accepted: 13 March 2019 / Published: 18 March 2019
Background: Transgender people have a gender identity different from the one allocated to them at birth. In many countries, transsexualism and transgenderism are considered mental illnesses under the diagnosis of gender dysphoria. This pathologization impacts on human rights. Main content: The United Nations (UN) has denounced violations against trans-people, including attacks, forced medical treatments, lack of legal gender recognition, and discrimination in the areas of education, employment, access to healthcare, and justice. The UN has linked these violations directly with discriminatory diagnostic classifications that pathologize gender diversity. Trans-people have been pathologized by psycho-medical classification and laws all around the world, with a different impact depending on countries. This paper argues that pathologization infringes infringes upon a wide range of human rights such as; civil, economic, social cultural and also the access to medical care. Conclusions: The current situation for trans-people with respect to legal healthcare matters, depends on the country. Human rights are universal, not a question for cultural interpretation. They are the minimum that every human being must have assured only by the fact of being human. Countries must protect these rights by regulating trans-pathologization with special attention dedicated to intersex people and their specific needs. View Full-Text
Keywords: trans; transgender; gender identity; human rights; right to health; non-discrimination; pathologization trans; transgender; gender identity; human rights; right to health; non-discrimination; pathologization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Castro-Peraza, M.E.; García-Acosta, J.M.; Delgado, N.; Perdomo-Hernández, A.M.; Sosa-Alvarez, M.I.; Llabrés-Solé, R.; Lorenzo-Rocha, N.D. Gender Identity: The Human Right of Depathologization. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 978. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16060978

AMA Style

Castro-Peraza ME, García-Acosta JM, Delgado N, Perdomo-Hernández AM, Sosa-Alvarez MI, Llabrés-Solé R, Lorenzo-Rocha ND. Gender Identity: The Human Right of Depathologization. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(6):978. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16060978

Chicago/Turabian Style

Castro-Peraza, Maria E., Jesús M. García-Acosta, Naira Delgado, Ana M. Perdomo-Hernández, Maria I. Sosa-Alvarez, Rosa Llabrés-Solé, and Nieves D. Lorenzo-Rocha. 2019. "Gender Identity: The Human Right of Depathologization" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 6: 978. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16060978

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