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Open AccessReview

Service-Learning with College Students toward Health-Care of Older Adults: A Systematic Review

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Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Education and Social Sciences, Campus of Melilla, University of Granada, 52071 Melilla, Spain
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Faculty of Education, University of Málaga, 29071 Málaga, Spain
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Department of Education and Specific Didactics, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Universitat Jaume I, 12005 Castellón, Spain
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Body Expression Area, Education School, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(22), 4497; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16224497
Received: 14 September 2019 / Revised: 7 November 2019 / Accepted: 13 November 2019 / Published: 14 November 2019
Service-Learning (SL) has become a teaching methodology that promotes social and personal skills while helping groups in need and at risk of social exclusion. This paper is a systematic review of the literature on SL experiences and research on college subjects in the area of health-care promotion in settings for older adults. After an exhaustive search, 43 peer-reviewed publications were classified according to frequency and geographical distribution, sample and duration of the programs, research methodologies, data collection instruments used, and main outcomes investigated. The results indicate that the research methodologies used tended to be qualitative and mixed, while the variety of samples and duration of interventions was very broad. The instruments used were mainly interviews and questionnaires, and the programs were developed specially in the United States of America. The groups receiving most SL were healthy older adults and older adult populations with aging disabilities and illnesses. The articles in the present review highlight that SL can have a positive effect on older adults’ health promotion and can enhance their community participation. View Full-Text
Keywords: aging; education method; higher education; healthy lifestyle; community learning aging; education method; higher education; healthy lifestyle; community learning
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Ruiz-Montero, P.-J.; Chiva-Bartoll, O.; Salvador-García, C.; Martín-Moya, R. Service-Learning with College Students toward Health-Care of Older Adults: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4497.

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